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HSRCClimate Change Adaptation Technologies & Markets – 2022-2030 – With Corona & COP26 Impacts
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Climate Change Adaptation Technologies & Markets - 2022-2030 – With Corona & COP26 Impacts

Bottom-up Research of 326 Submarkets. 2020-2030 CAGR 17.8%

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IBM
Amazon
Sandia National Lab
HITACHI
Thales
Smiths Detection
Nuctech
Korea Internet & Security Agency
L3Harris
Huawei
Leidos
NEC
Toshiba
Deloitte
MAG

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Description

The Climate Change Adaptation Technologies & Markets – 2022-2030 – With Corona & COP26 Impacts report fills a void in the climate change adaptation market research literature. This report is the first comprehensive market report addressing button-up hundreds of climate adaptation markets. The report thoroughly analyzes 29 technology, 5 regional, 5 revenue source and 60 national markets, detailing 326 submarkets. 

 

IPCC-2022 Climate Risk to Climate Adaptation Roadmap

Source: IPCC Report Feb. 28, 2022

 “Adaptation plays a key role in reducing exposure and vulnerability to climate change”

                   IPCC Report (Feb. 28, 2022)

In an ideal world that will achieve zero emission by 2060, the global temperature will reach a > 1.5 C raise. The rise in temperature will adversely affect us, including weather-related calamities, water insecurity, expanding deserts, , reduction in agriculture crops and immigration of hundreds of millions.

The response to this catastrophic future we have to invest trillions in climate adaptation measures. This report details the technologies and level of investment (i.e., Markets) that will adapt humanity to the new ”brave world” which started already. Mitigation technologies include green building desalination plants, waste to energy plants, low carbon fuels manufacturing plants, energy-efficient electric systems & devices, precision agriculture, regenerative agriculture, precision irrigation, climate adapted agriculture, reforestation, bioremediation and many other means.

Luckily these investments have bright sides like:

  • ROI of 6-12 years.
  • GHG emissions lowering
  • Creation of new industries and Jobs.

 Key market drivers are:

  • Global Warming
  • Investors’ willingness for financing the multi trillion climate adaptation industries
  • Availability of key Climate Change Adaptation technologies, and their cost-performance improvement at a fast pace
  • Multi-trillion business opportunities that presents the Climate Change Adaptation market
  • Unprecedented public support which drives governments and the private sector to invest in the green revolution
  • Over 90% of the investment will come from the private sector
  • Government subsidies and investments
  • Multi trillion demand by end-users for many mitigation technologies, like Electric Vehicles, Rooftop Solar Systems, Heat Pumps, Green Buildings, Precision Irrigation, Desalination Plants, Direct Solar Water Heating and more
  • The 2020-2030 CAGR 17.8%
  • Following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, governments consider sweeping changes to planning laws and investments to improve their Climate Change Adaptation

This market report is the utmost comprehensive review of the Climate Change Adaptation market available today.

Questions answered in this report include:

  • What will the 2022-2030 market size be?
  • How do the COP26 & Corona affect the market?
  • Which submarkets provide attractive business opportunities?
  • What drives customers to invest?
  • What are the technologies trends?
  • What are the challenges to market penetration & growth?
  • How much are countries expected to invest in Climate Change Adaptation?

 

Climate Change Adaptation Market Segmentation Vectors

 

What does the Climate Change Adaptation Technologies & Markets – 2022-2030 – With Corona & COP26 Impacts report give you?

A. The Climate Change Adaptation Technologies & Markets size data is analyzed via four independent perspectives.

1. By 29 Climate Change Adaptation Technologies:

  • Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR)
  • Air Source Heat Pumps
  • Passenger BEV Cars
  • Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs
  • Freight BEVs
  • Electric Buses
  • Other BEVs
  • E.V. Charging Systems
  • Green Hydrogen Production
  • Methane Abatement
  • Green Cement
  • Green Steel
  • Passive Green Buildings
  • Desalination Plants  
  • Waste to Energy Plants
  • Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants
  • Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR)
  • Precision Agriculture
  • Regenerative agriculture
  • Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure
  • Water Redeemable Systems
  • Precision Irrigation
  • Climate Adapted Agriculture
  • Reforestation
  • Bioremediation
  • Floods Control
  • Wildfire Mitigation
  • Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting

 2. By 5 Revenue Source Markets:

  • Infrastructure
  • Product Sales
  • Maintenance
  • Upgrades
  • Other

3. By 5 Regional Markets:

  • North America
  • Latin America
  • Europe
  • Middle East & Africa
  • Asia Pacific

4. By 60 National Markets:

  • The U.S.
  • Canada
  • Argentina
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Cuba
  • Ecuador
  • Mexico
  • Peru
  • Puerto Rico
  • Venezuela
  • Rest of Latin America
  • Austria
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Serbia
  • Slovakia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • UK
  • Ukraine
  • Rest of Europe
  • Algeria
  • Egypt
  • Iran
  • Israel
  • Kuwait
  • Saudi Arabia
  • South Africa
  • Turkey
  • UAE
  • Rest of MEA
  • Australia
  • China
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Japan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Philippines
  • South Korea
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Rest of Asia-Pacific

B. Detailed market analysis frameworks are provided, including:

  • Market drivers & inhibitors
  • Business opportunities
  • SWOT analysis
  • Competitive analysis
  • Business environment
  • The 2020-2030 market
  • Industry Value Chain   
  • Financing & Loans       
  • Governmental R&D Funding    
  • Levelized Cost of Energy- 2020-2040

Why Buy:

  • Bottom-up Research. The report provides you with exhaustive bottom-up research of Climate Change Adaptation related markets.
  • Unique Analysts Team. Our multilingual team brings 40 years of hands-on record in the industry, corporate positions of chairperson, CEO, CTO, chief scientist, VP R & R&D, VP marketing, $8 B of products commercialization. The team published 352 market reports.
  • Extensive Research.  The report research team conducted interviews with dozens of experts. It reviewed over 380 reports, documents and papers published by other experts (including, for example, DOE, IEA, IRENA, the UN, the White House, the EU, US Congress CRS, the UK, German, PRC, Indian and other government agencies, SEC filings, investors’ presentations and more).
  • Multi-Source Intelligence Verification. With a highly fragmented market, we addressed each dollar spent. The global warming mitigation market was analyzed and crosschecked via 4 orthogonal viewpoints: technologies and services, countries, revenue sources and regions.
  • COP26 Revision. To guarantee the accuracy of the data and market size forecasts, we revised the report by following and analyzing the Glasgow COP26 meetings deliberations and investment pledges.
  • Money Trail. The report is the only study of ‘when?’, ‘where?’, ‘why?’ and ‘how much?’ of the expenditure go to market.
  • Report Excel. Once you buy the report, you can get for a nominal price its Excel version.
  • Customized for Decision-Makers. This report aims to provide today’s strategic decision-makers with an expert 360-degree, time-sensitive, detailed view of this interconnected market.

Companies mentioned in the report: 

  • AB Volvo
  • ABB Environmental Services Inc.
  • Abengoa
  • ACC Limited.
  • Acciona
  • AccuWeather Inc.
  • Aerobotics
  • Ag Leader Technology
  • AGCO Corporation
  • AGG Biofuel
  • AgJunction, Inc.
  • Airmar Technology Corporation
  • Alfa Laval
  • Algenol Biofuels
  • Aljadix
  • All Weather, Inc.
  • Alstom S.A.
  • Alter Eco Americas Inc
  • Altogen Labs
  • Altura Associates, Inc.
  • Ameret Llc
  • Amii Sp. z o.o.
  • Ampere Vehicles
  • Anhui Ankai Automobile Co. Ltd
  • Anhui Conch Cement
  • Anhui Forklift Truck Group Co. Ltd
  • Ankai
  • Aquaphor
  • Aquatech International
  • AWMA
  • BAE Systems UK
  • Barchemicals
  • Benling India Energy and Technology Pvt Ltd
  • Bentley Systems
  • Berghof Membrane Technology
  • Berluto Armaturen GmbH
  • Bernardinello Engineering S.p.a.
  • Bertfelt Teknik AB
  • bestUV BV
  • Binder Engineering B.V.
  • Bioactive Services Inc.
  • BioEnTech
  • Bio-Microbics, Inc.
  • Bioremediation Consulting Inc.
  • Bioremediation Services Inc.
  • Bioremedy Pty. Ltd.
  • Biotek Environmental Science Ltd.
  • BIO-UV Group
  • Biwater
  • Blount International
  • Blücher GmbH
  • Blue Foot Membranes NV
  • Blue Planet
  • Bluebird Grain Farms
  • BLUEMATER SA
  • Blupura
  • BML METAL MANUFACTORY CO., LTD
  • BMW AG
  • Bokju Co., Ltd.
  • Bombardier Inc.
  • Bona Water Purification
  • Borg & Overström
  • Borgwarner Inc.
  • Bosman Watermanagement B.V.
  • BSH Home Appliances
  • Buckman Laboratories International Inc
  • BYD Co. Ltd
  • BYD Company Limited
  • Cadagua
  • CAF Group
  • Campbell Scientific  
  • Carbicrete
  • Cargill, Inc
  • Carrier Corporation
  • Carus Corp.
  • Caterpillar
  • CEMEX S.A. B. de C.V.
  • CERT
  • CFOAM LTD
  • Changzhou Boyuan Plastic Co.,Ltd
  • Chevrolet Motor Company
  • China National Building Material
  • Clark Material Handling International Inc.
  • Climeworks
  • CO2 Solutions
  • Columbia Weather Systems
  • Combilift Ltd.
  • Cool Planet
  • CropMetrics LLC
  • Crown Equipment Corp.
  • CRRC Corporation Limited (China)
  • DAGAGA Co., Ltd.
  • Daikin Industries Ltd.
  • Daimler AG
  • Danone S.A.
  • Deere & Company
  • Deere and Company
  • Degremont Sas
  • Delta Electronics, Inc.
  • Dimensional Energy
  • Doosan Heavy Industries
  • Doosan Industrial Vehicles Co. Ltd
  • Doosan Infracore
  • Dow
  • DroneSeed
  • Drylet Llc
  • Eaton Corporation Plc
  • Ebusco BV
  • Eco Blue Bioremediation Canada
  • ECOERA
  • Ecolab Engineering GmbH
  • Ecolog
  • EG&G Inc.
  • Evoqua Water Technologies
  • Ferrovial
  • Fisia Italimpianti
  • Fiton Group
  • Flood Control Asia RS
  • Flood Control International
  • FloodBreak
  • Floodgates Ireland
  • Fluence
  • Ford Motor Company
  • FPZ SPA
  • Lufft Mess-und Regeltechnik
  • Gebrüder Heyl Vertriebsgesellschaft für innovative Wasseraufbereitung mbH
  • General Dynamics Land Systems USA
  • General Electric
  • General Mills Inc.
  • General Motors
  • Genesis Water Technologies
  • Geovation Engineering P.C.
  • Global Thermostat
  • Godrej & Boyce Mfg. Co. Ltd
  • Green Minerals
  • Grounded South Africa
  • Hago Energetics
  • Haier
  • Haining BEISHI Environment Protection Technology CO., LTD
  • Hangcha Group
  • HeidelbergCement AG
  • Hero Electric
  • Hitachi Ltd. (Japan)
  • Hunton Engineering
  • Hyflux Ltd
  • Hyster-Yale Group
  • Hyundai Motor Company
  • IBS Engineered Products
  • IDE Technologies
  • Ingenuity Lab
  • Ingersoll-Rand PLC
  • Innovator Energy
  • Insight Robotics
  • Integrated Environmental Solutions (IES) Limited
  • Integrated Forest Management
  • Iveco Bus
  • Ivey International Inc.
  • Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd.
  • Johnson Controls International plc
  • JRW Bioremediation Llc
  • Jungheinrich Lift Truck Corp.
  • Jupiter Oxygen
  • Kankyo Cleantech Llp
  • Karma Automotive
  • Karma Automotive
  • Kia Corporation
  • King Long
  • Kingspan Group plc
  • Kion Group AG
  • Kiverdi
  • Koch Membrane Systems
  • Koch Separation Solutions
  • Komatsu Forest AB
  • Komatsu Utility Co. Ltd
  • LafargeHolcim
  • Lambda Bioremediation Systems Inc.
  • LanzaTech
  • LG
  • Lindsay Corporation
  • Livingcare Co., Ltd.
  • Lucid Group, Inc.
  • Lucid Group, Inc.
  • Lufft Mess-und Regeltechnik  
  • Magtor
  • Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited
  • Makona Hardware And Industrial (Pty.) Ltd.
  • Mango Materials
  • Metito
  • Microgen Biotech Ltd.
  • Midea
  • Millenworks USA
  • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Forklift Trucks.
  • MM Engineering
  • Morcom International
  • Moser Services Group, Llc
  • Navistar USA, Ricardo UK
  • Nelson Irrigation Corporation
  • Nestlé S.A.
  • Net Power
  • Netafim Ltd.
  • NetZero Buildings

 

 

  • New Flyer Industries
  • New Leaf Tree Syrups
  • Newlight Technologies
  • NIBE Industrier AB
  • NIO
  • Nissan Motors Co., Ltd.
  • Oil Spill Eater International Corp.
  • Okinawa Autotech Pvt. Ltd.
  • Oshkosh Truck USA
  • Pall Corporation
  • Panasonic Corporation
  • Parafoil
  • Pingluo Baojun Activated Carbon Co.,Ltd. | China
  • Plugless Power Inc.
  • POLTANK SAU
  • Ponsse
  • Probiosphere Inc.
  • Proterra Inc.
  • QM Environmental International B.V.
  • Quantum Spatial
  • Quantum Technologies USA
  • Rain Bird Corporation
  • Raven Industries Inc.
  • Razer Industries USA
  • Regen AG
  • Reinke Manufacturer
  • Renovagen Ltd.
  • Rivain
  • Rivulis Irrigation Ltd.
  • RNAS Remediation Products
  • Robert Bosch GMBH
  • Rockwool Group
  • Rottne Industri AB
  • Ryobi Bus
  • Safbon Water Technology
  • Sage Electrochromics, Inc.
  • Sampo Rosenlew
  • Scannia AB
  • Schneider Electric
  • Sevenson Environmental Services Inc.
  • Shandong Sukahan Bio-Technology Co. Ltd.
  • SHENZHEN FONTUS TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
  • Siemens
  • Silvere
  • Skye Instruments 
  • Soil Capital Ltd.
  • Solatube International Inc.
  • SPC Biomicrogel Company Ltd
  • ST Kinetics Singapore
  • Stiebel Eltron GmbH & Co. KG
  • StormGeo
  • SUEZ
  • Suez Environnement S A
  • SunPower Corporation
  • Sustainable Bioremediation And Phytoremediation Operations
  • Sutron Corporation
  • Taiheiyo Cement Corporation
  • Taiwan Cement Corporation
  • TARDEC APD
  • Tata Motors
  • Tesla
  • Tesla Inc.
  • The Glen Dimplex Group
  • The Linde Group
  • The Toro Company
  • The Weather Company  
  • Tigercat
  • Topcon Corporation
  • Toyota Industries Corp.
  • Toyota Motor Corporation
  • Treemetrics
  • Treevia Forest Technologies
  • Trident Environmental Llc
  • Trimble
  • UltraTech Cement Ltd.
  • UQM Technologies & Armor Holdings USA
  • Vaisala OY
  • VDL Groep
  • VEOLIA
  • Veolia Water Technologies Techno Center Netherlands B.V.
  • Verde Environmental Group
  • Viessmann Group
  • Volkswagen AG
  • Volvo
  • Votorantim cimentos S.A.
  • WABAG
  • Water Care Filter srl
  • Webasto Group
  • WETICO
  • Whirlpool
  • WM Motor
  • Xiaopeng Motors
  • XPRIZE
  • Xtratherm Limited
  • XYLEM
  • Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co. Ltd
  • Zhongtong Bus Holding
  • Zhuhai Wangyang Water Treatment Equipment

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

Download TOC as PDF

Contents

1         The Report Key Assumptions…………………………………. 37

2         Executive Summary………………………………………………. 38

2.1        Key Findings…………………………………………………… 38

2.2        Key Conclusions………………………………………………. 51

2.3        Global Climate Change Adaptation Market Segmentation Vectors……………………………………….. 61

2.4        Global Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2022-2030                                                                                 62

2.4.1            Global Market by Technology – 2022-2030………. 62

2.4.2            Global Market by Revenue Source – 2022-2030… 64

2.4.3            Global Market by Region – 2022-2030…………….. 64

2.4.4            Global Market by Country – 2022-2030……………. 66

3         COP26 & COVID-19 Implications……………………………… 67

3.1        COP26 Takeaway……………………………………………. 67

3.2        COVID-19 Implications………………………………………. 68

4         The Industry Value Chain……………………………………….. 70

5         Business Opportunities…………………………………………. 71

6         Market Drivers………………………………………………………. 82

7         Market Inhibitors…………………………………………………… 83

8         SWOT Analysis…………………………………………………….. 84

8.1        Strengths……………………………………………………….. 84

8.2        Weaknesses…………………………………………………… 85

8.3        Opportunities…………………………………………………… 86

8.4        Threats………………………………………………………….. 87

TECHNOLOGY, PRODUCT & SERVICE MARKETS…………….. 89

9         Global Climate Change Adaptation Technologies, Products & Services Markets – 2020-2030………………… 89

9.1        Technology, Products & Services Markets Size………. 89

9.2        Technology Products & Services Markets Dynamics… 90

9.3        Technology Products & Services Markets Share……… 92

10      Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market – 2022-2030……………. 94

10.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………….. 94

10.1.1          Summary………………………………………………….. 94

10.1.2          Heat Pump Technologies……………………………. 100

10.1.3          Heat Pump Cost Performance……………………… 101

10.1.4          Legislation……………………………………………….. 102

10.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 102

10.3     Global Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market – 2020-2030 103

10.3.1          Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Size……………. 103

10.3.2          Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Dynamics…….. 103

10.3.3          Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Share………….. 103

11      Bioremediation Market – 2022-2030……………………….. 104

11.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 104

11.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 104

11.1.2          Bioremediation Cleanup Strategy………………….. 108

11.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 111

11.3     Global Bioremediation Market – 2020-2030………….. 113

11.3.1          Bioremediation Market Size…………………………. 113

11.3.2          Bioremediation Market Dynamics………………….. 113

11.3.3          Bioremediation Market Share………………………. 113

12      Climate Adapted Agriculture Market – 2022-2030……… 114

12.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 114

12.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 114

12.2     Agriculture GHG Emission………………………………… 118

12.3     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 120

13.1     Global Climate Adapted Agriculture Market – 2020-2030                                                                               121

13.1.1          Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Size……….. 121

13.1.2          Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Dynamics… 121

13.1.3          Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Share……… 121

14      Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market – 2022-2030 122

14.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 122

14.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 122

14.1.2          Digital Technologies…………………………………… 130

14.1.3          Water Management Strategy……………………….. 131

14.1.4          Agriculture Water Management……………………. 135

14.1.5          Urban Water Management………………………….. 136

14.1.6          Urban Decision Support System…………………… 137

14.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 137

14.3     Global Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 139

14.3.1          Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Size……………………………………………………………… 139

14.3.2          Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Dynamics………………………………………………… 139

14.3.3          Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Share……………………………………………………………… 140

15      Desalination Plants Market – 2022-2030………………….. 141

15.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 141

15.2     Technologies…………………………………………………. 145

15.2.1          Solar Distillation………………………………………… 146

15.2.2          Natural Evaporation…………………………………… 146

15.2.3          Vacuum Distillation……………………………………. 146

15.2.4          Multi-Stage Flash Distillation……………………….. 146

15.2.5          Multiple-Effect Distillation……………………………. 146

15.2.6          Vapor-Compression Distillation…………………….. 147

15.2.7          Wave-Powered Desalination……………………….. 147

15.2.8          Membrane Distillation………………………………… 147

15.2.9          Reverse Osmosis……………………………………… 147

15.2.10       Forward Osmosis……………………………………… 148

15.2.11       Freeze–Thaw…………………………………………… 148

15.2.12       Electrodialysis Membrane…………………………… 149

15.2.13       Technical Challenges…………………………………. 149

15.3     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 150

15.4     Global Desalination Plants Market – 2020-2030…….. 151

15.4.1          Desalination Plants Market Size…………………… 151

15.4.2          Desalination Plants Market Dynamics……………. 152

15.4.3          Desalination Plants Market Share…………………. 152

16      Electric Buses Market – 2022-2030…………………………. 153

16.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 153

16.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 153

16.1.2          E-Bus Economy………………………………………… 155

16.1.3          COVID-19 Effects……………………………………… 157

16.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 157

16.4     Global Electric Buses Market – 2020-2030…………… 158

16.4.1          Electric Buses Market Size………………………….. 158

16.4.2          Electric Buses Market Dynamics…………………… 158

16.4.3          Electric Buses Market Share……………………….. 158

17      Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market – 2022-2030………………………………………………. 159

17.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 159

17.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 159

17.1.2          Example 1. Thermoelectric Effect…………………. 162

17.1.3          Example 2: Reciprocating Compressors…………. 163

17.1.4          Example 3: Energy Efficient HVAC Ducts……….. 164

17.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 165

17.3     Global Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market – 2020-2030……………………………….. 165

17.3.1          Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Size…………………………………….. 165

17.3.2          Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Dynamics……………………………… 165

17.3.3          Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Share………………………………….. 166

18      Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………… 167

18.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 167

18.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 167

18.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 171

18.3     Global Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 171

18.3.1          Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Size……………………………………………… 171

18.3.2          Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Dynamics………………………………………. 172

18.3.3          Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Share……………………………………………. 172

19      EV Charging Systems Market – 2022-2030………………. 173

19.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 173

19.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 173

19.1.2          Light-Duty Vehicle Chargers………………………… 176

19.1.3          Private Home And Workplace Chargers…………. 177

19.1.4          Charging Heavy-Duty Electric Trucks…………….. 178

19.1.5          Mega-High Power Charging Standarts…………… 178

19.1.6          EVs and Energy Storage…………………………….. 179

19.1.7          Wireless Charging…………………………………….. 180

19.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 181

19.3     Global EV Charging Systems Market – 2020-2030…. 181

19.3.1          EV Charging Systems Market Size……………….. 181

19.3.2          EV Charging Systems Market Dynamics………… 182

19.3.3          EV Charging Systems Market Share……………… 182

20      Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………………… 183

20.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 183

20.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 183

20.1.2          Cell Baed Broadcast………………………………….. 187

20.1.3          Location Based Alert SMS…………………………… 189

20.2     Global Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 191

20.2.1          Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Size……………………………………………………….. 191

20.2.2          Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Dynamics………………………………………………… 192

20.2.3          Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Share……………………………………………………… 192

21      Flood Control Market – 2022-2030………………………….. 193

21.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 193

21.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 193

21.1.2          Structural Forms of Mitigation………………………. 196

21.1.3          Nonstructural Measures……………………………… 197

21.1.4          Floodwater Diversion and Storage………………… 197

21.1.5          Floodplain and Stream Restoration……………….. 197

21.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 197

21.3     Global Floods Control Market – 2020-2030…………… 198

21.3.1          Floods Control Market Size…………………………. 198

21.3.2          Floods Control Market Dynamics………………….. 199

21.3.3          Floods Control Market Share……………………….. 199

22      Freight BEVs Market – 2022-2030…………………………… 200

22.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 200

22.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 200

22.1.2          COVID-19 Effects……………………………………… 201

22.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 202

22.3     Global Freight BEVs Market – 2020-2030…………….. 202

22.3.1          Freight BEVs Market Size…………………………… 202

22.3.2          Freight BEVs Market Dynamics……………………. 203

22.3.3          Freight BEVs Market Share…………………………. 203

23      Green Cement Market – 2022-2030…………………………. 204

23.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 204

23.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 204

23.1.2          Cement Decarbonization Options…………………. 208

23.1.3          Cement Negative Emission Technologies……….. 208

23.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 210

23.3     Global Green Cement Market – 2020-2030………….. 210

23.3.1          Green Cement Market Size…………………………. 210

23.3.2          Green Cement Market Dynamics………………….. 210

23.3.3          Green Cement Market Share……………………….. 211

24      Green Hydrogen Production Market – 2022-2030……… 212

24.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 212

24.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 212

24.1.2          Green Hydrogen……………………………………….. 216

24.1.3          The European Hydrogen  Market………………….. 217

24.1.4          The Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Market………………… 217

24.2     A Net-Zero“Hydrogen Economy” by 2050 Scenario… 218

24.3     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 219

24.4     Global Green Hydrogen Production Market – 2020-2030                                                                               220

24.4.1          Green Hydrogen Production Market Size……….. 220

24.4.2          Green Hydrogen Production Market Dynamics… 220

24.4.3          Green Hydrogen Production Market Share……… 220

25      Green Steel Market – 2022-2030…………………………….. 221

25.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 221

25.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 221

25.1.2          CHG Emissions & Decarbonized (Green) Steel.. 223

25.2     Global Green Steel Market – 2020-2030……………… 224

25.2.1          Green Steel Market Size…………………………….. 224

25.2.2          Green Steel Market Dynamics……………………… 225

25.2.3          Green Steel Market Share…………………………… 225

26      Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………………… 226

26.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 226

26.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 226

26.2     Global Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 232

26.2.1          Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Size……………………………………………………………… 232

26.2.2          Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Dynamics………………………………………………… 233

26.2.3          Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Share……………………………………………………… 233

27      Methane Abatement Market – 2022-2030…………………. 234

27.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 234

27.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 234

27.1.2          Methane Sources……………………………………… 236

27.1.3          COP26 Methane Pledge…………………………….. 237

27.1.4          Methane Mitigation……………………………………. 237

27.1.5          GHG Abatement Cost Forcast – 2030…………….. 239

27.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 240

27.3     Global Methane Abatement Market – 2020-2030…… 242

27.3.1          Methane Abatement Market Size………………….. 242

27.3.2          Methane Abatement Market Dynamics…………… 243

27.3.3          Methane Abatement Market Share……………….. 243

28      Other BEVs Market – 2022-2030…………………………….. 244

28.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 244

28.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 244

28.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 250

28.3     Global Other BEVs Market – 2020-2030………………. 252

28.3.1          Other BEVs Market Size…………………………….. 252

28.3.2          Other BEVs Market Dynamics……………………… 253

28.3.3          Other BEVs Market Share…………………………… 253

29      Passenger BEV Cars Market – 2022-2030………………… 254

29.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 254

29.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 254

29.1.2          Electric Cars vs. ICE Car Materials……………….. 262

29.1.3          Phasing Out Of Passenger ICE Cars…………….. 263

29.1.4          COVID-19 Effects……………………………………… 263

29.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 264

29.3     Global Passenger BEV Cars Market – 2020-2030….. 265

29.3.1          Passenger BEV Cars Market Size………………… 265

29.3.2          Passenger BEV Cars Market Dynamics…………. 266

29.3.3          Passenger BEV Cars Market Share………………. 266

30      Passive Green Buildings Market – 2022-2030………….. 267

30.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 267

30.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 267

30.1.2          Buildings GHG Emission & Energy Consumption 270

30.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 271

30.3     Global Passive Green Buildings Market – 2020-2030 272

30.3.1          Passive Green Buildings Market Size…………….. 272

30.3.2          Passive Green Buildings Market Dynamics…….. 272

30.3.3          Passive Green Buildings Market Share………….. 272

31      Precision Agriculture Market – 2022-2030……………….. 273

31.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 273

31.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 273

31.2     Precision Agriculture Challenges……………………….. 276

31.3     Precision Agriculture Technologies…………………….. 277

31.3.1          Remote Sensing……………………………………….. 278

31.3.2          Genetic Engineering………………………………….. 278

31.3.3          Agricultural Robots……………………………………. 278

31.3.4          Drones……………………………………………………. 278

31.3.5          Vertical Cultivating…………………………………….. 279

31.3.6          Data……………………………………………………….. 279

31.3.7          Connected Water………………………………………. 279

31.3.8          Electric Fish…………………………………………….. 279

31.3.9          Connected Cows………………………………………. 279

31.3.10       Farm Management Systems………………………… 280

31.4     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 280

31.5     Global Precision Agriculture Market – 2020-2030…… 280

31.5.1          Precision Agriculture Market Size…………………. 280

31.5.2          Precision Agriculture Market Dynamics………….. 280

31.5.3          Precision Agriculture Market Share……………….. 280

32      Precision Irrigation Market – 2022-2030………………….. 282

32.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 282

32.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 282

32.1.2          Drip Irrigation……………………………………………. 282

32.1.3          Variable Rate Irrigation………………………………. 283

32.1.4          GPS Technology………………………………………. 283

32.1.5          Monitoring and Automation………………………….. 284

32.1.6          Challenges & Opportunities…………………………. 284

32.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 285

32.3     Global Precision Irrigation Market – 2020-2030……… 285

32.3.1          Precision Irrigation Market Size……………………. 285

32.3.2          Precision Irrigation Market Dynamics…………….. 286

32.3.3          Precision Irrigation Market Share………………….. 286

33      Reforestation Market – 2022-2030………………………….. 287

33.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 287

33.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 287

33.1.2          Reforestation Management…………………………. 291

33.1.3          Reforestation for Climate Change Mitigation……. 292

33.1.4          Reforestation Strategies……………………………… 292

33.1.5          Empress Trees…………………………………………. 293

33.1.6          Finanancing Deforestation…………………………… 294

33.1.7          Megacities Forestation……………………………….. 294

33.1.8          Example: China Reforestation……………………… 295

33.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 295

33.3     Global Reforestation Market – 2020-2030……………. 297

33.3.1          Reforestation Market Size…………………………… 297

33.3.2          Reforestation Market Dynamics……………………. 298

33.3.3          Reforestation Market Share…………………………. 298

34      Regenerative Agriculture Market – 2022-2030………….. 299

34.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 299

34.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 299

34.2     Global Regenerative Agriculture Market – 2020-2030 302

34.2.1          Regenerative Agriculture Market Size……………. 302

34.2.2          Regenerative Agriculture Market Dynamics…….. 303

34.2.3          Regenerative Agriculture Market Share………….. 303

35      Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market – 2022-2030………. 304

35.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 304

35.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 304

35.2     Global Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market – 2020-2030                                                                               305

35.2.1          Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Size……….. 305

35.2.2          Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Dynamics… 306

35.2.3          Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Share……… 306

36      Waste to Energy Plants Market – 2022-2030…………….. 307

36.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 307

36.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 307

36.1.2          Facts & Figures………………………………………… 308

36.1.3          Waste to Energy Economy………………………….. 309

36.2     Global Waste to Energy Plants Market – 2020-2030. 310

36.2.1          Waste to Energy Plants Market Size……………… 310

36.2.2          Waste to Energy Plants Market Dynamics………. 310

36.2.3          Waste to Energy Plants Market Share……………. 311

37      Water Redeemable (Water Reclamation) Systems Market – 2022-2030………………………………………………………… 312

37.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 312

37.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 312

37.1.2          Sewage Treatment Plants…………………………… 315

37.1.3          Example: Water Reclamation in  China………….. 316

37.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 317

37.3     Global Water Redeemable Systems Market – 2020-2030                                                                               318

37.3.1          Water Redeemable Systems Market Size……….. 318

37.3.2          Water Redeemable Systems Market Dynamics.. 318

37.3.3          Water Redeemable Systems Market Share…….. 319

38      Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………… 320

38.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 320

38.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 320

38.1.2          AI and Machine Learning To Predict Weather Events……………………………………………………. 321

38.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 323

38.3     Global Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 323

38.3.1          Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Size……………………………………………………….. 323

38.3.2          Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Dynamics………………………………………………… 324

38.3.3          Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Share……………………………………………………… 324

39      Wildfire Mitigation Market – 2022-2030……………………. 325

39.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 325

39.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 325

39.1.2          Carbon Emissions…………………………………….. 326

39.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 327

39.3     Global Wildfire Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………. 328

39.3.1          Wildfire Mitigation Market Size……………………… 328

39.3.2          Wildfire Mitigation Market Dynamics………………. 328

39.3.3          Wildfire Mitigation Market Share…………………… 328

REVENUE SOURCE MARKETS…………………………………….. 329

40      Climate Change Adaptation Market by Revenue Source – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………… 329

40.1     Global Market – 2020-2030………………………………. 329

40.2     Climate Change Adaptation Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 330

40.3     Climate Change Adaptation Market Share – 2020-2030                                                                               331

REGIONAL MARKETS…………………………………………………. 332

41      Regional Climate Change Adaptation Markets – 2020-2030 332

41.1     Regional Markets – 2020-2030………………………….. 332

42      North America Climate Change Adaptation Market…… 333

42.1     North America Market CEO Takeaway………………… 333

42.2     North America Market – 2020-2030…………………….. 335

42.2.1          Market by Sector………………………………………. 335

42.2.2          Market by Revenue Source…………………………. 337

42.3     North America Climate Change Adaptation Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………………………………. 338

42.4     North America Market Share – 2020-2030……………. 338

43      Latin America Climate Change Adaptation Market……. 339

43.1     Latin America Market CEO Takeaway…………………. 339

43.2     Latin America Market – 2020-2030…………………….. 341

43.2.1          Market by Sector………………………………………. 341

43.2.2          Market by Revenue Source…………………………. 343

43.3     Latin America Climate Change Adaptation Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………………………………. 344

43.4     Latin America Market Share – 2020-2030…………….. 344

44      Europe Climate Change Adaptation Market…………….. 345

44.1     Europe Market CEO Takeaway………………………….. 345

44.2     Europe Market – 2020-2030……………………………… 347

44.2.1          Market by Sector………………………………………. 347

44.2.2          Market by Revenue Source…………………………. 349

44.3     Europe Climate Change Adaptation Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 350

44.4     Europe Market Share – 2020-2030…………………….. 350

45      Middle East & Africa Climate Change Adaptation Market 351

45.1     Africa Market CEO Takeaway……………………………. 351

45.2     The Middle East Market CEO Takeaway……………… 352

45.3     Middle East & Africa Market – 2020-2030…………….. 353

45.3.1          Market by Sector………………………………………. 353

45.3.2          Market by Revenue Source…………………………. 355

45.4     Middle East & Africa Climate Change Adaptation Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………………………………. 356

45.5     Middle East & Africa Market Share – 2020-2030……. 356

46      Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Market………. 357

46.1     Asia Pacific Market CEO Takeaway……………………. 357

46.2     Asia Pacific Market – 2020-2030………………………… 360

46.2.1          Market by Sector………………………………………. 360

46.2.2          Market by Revenue Source…………………………. 362

46.3     Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………………………………. 363

46.4     Asia Pacific Market Share – 2020-2030……………….. 363

NATIONAL MARKETS…………………………………………………. 364

47      Climate Change Adaptation Market by Country – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 364

47.1     Energy Consumption Indicatiors………………………… 364

47.2     National Markets Size – 2020-2030…………………….. 368

47.3     National Markets Dynamics – 2020-2030…………….. 369

47.4     National Markets Shares – 2020-2030………………… 371

47.5     National Markets by Revenue Source – 2020-2030… 374

47.5.1          Infrastructure Markets………………………………… 374

47.5.2          Product Sales…………………………………………… 376

47.5.3          Maintenance Markets…………………………………. 377

47.5.4          Upgrades Markets…………………………………….. 379

47.5.5          Other* Revenue Sources……………………………. 381

North America……………………………………………………………. 383

48      U.S. Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030… 383

48.1     U.S. Market CEO Takeaway……………………………… 383

48.1.1          Key Facts………………………………………………… 383

48.1.2          National Policy………………………………………….. 384

48.1.3          Energy Supply………………………………………….. 384

48.1.4          Energy Consumption…………………………………. 384

48.1.5          Electricity………………………………………………… 385

48.2     U.S. Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               385

48.3     U.S. Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………………. 386

48.4     U.S. Market Share – 2020-2030…………………………. 386

49      Canada Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 387

49.1     Canada Market CEO Takeaway…………………………. 387

49.1.1          Key Facts………………………………………………… 387

49.1.2          National Policy………………………………………….. 387

49.1.3          Energy Supply………………………………………….. 388

49.1.4          Energy Consumption…………………………………. 388

49.1.5          Electricity………………………………………………… 389

49.2     Canada Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 389

49.3     Canada Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………….. 389

49.4     Canada Market Share – 2020-2030……………………. 389

Latin America…………………………………………………………….. 391

50      Argentina Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 391

50.1     Argentina Market CEO Takeaway………………………. 391

50.1.1          Key Facts………………………………………………… 391

50.1.2          National Policy………………………………………….. 391

50.1.3          Energy Consumption…………………………………. 392

50.1.4          Electricity………………………………………………… 393

50.2     Argentina Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 393

50.3     Argentina Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………….. 394

50.4     Argentina Market Share – 2020-2030………………….. 394

51      Brazil Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 394

51.1     Brazil Market CEO Takeaway……………………………. 394

51.1.1          Key Facts………………………………………………… 394

51.1.2          National Policy………………………………………….. 394

51.1.3          Energy Supply………………………………………….. 396

51.1.4          Energy Consumption…………………………………. 396

51.1.5          Electricity………………………………………………… 396

51.2     Brazil Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               398

51.3     Brazil Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………….. 398

51.4     Brazil Market Share – 2020-2030……………………….. 398

52      Chile Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030. 399

52.1     Chile Market CEO Takeaway…………………………….. 399

52.1.1          Key Facts………………………………………………… 399

52.1.2          National Policy………………………………………….. 399

52.1.3          Energy Supply………………………………………….. 400

52.2     Chile Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               400

52.3     Chile Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………………… 400

52.4     Chile Market Share – 2020-2030……………………….. 400

53      Colombia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 402

53.1     Colombia Market CEO Takeaway………………………. 402

53.1.1          Key Facts………………………………………………… 402

53.1.2          National Policy………………………………………….. 402

53.1.3          Energy Consumption…………………………………. 402

53.1.4          Electricity………………………………………………… 403

53.2     Colombia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 403

53.3     Colombia Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………….. 404

53.4     Colombia Market Share – 2020-2030………………….. 404

54      Cuba Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030. 405

54.1     Cuba Market CEO Takeaway……………………………. 405

54.2     Cuba Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               406

54.3     Cuba Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………….. 406

54.4     Cuba Market Share – 2020-2030……………………….. 406

55      Ecuador Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 407

55.1     Ecuador Market CEO Takeaway………………………… 407

55.2     Ecuador Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 407

55.3     Ecuador Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………. 407

55.4     Ecuador Market Share – 2020-2030……………………. 408

56      Mexico Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 409

56.1     Mexico Market CEO Takeaway………………………….. 409

56.1.1          Key Facts………………………………………………… 409

56.1.2          National Policy………………………………………….. 409

56.1.3          Electricity………………………………………………… 411

56.2     Mexico Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               411

56.3     Mexico Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………… 411

56.4     Mexico Market Share – 2020-2030…………………….. 411

57      Peru Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030.. 413

57.1     Peru Market CEO Takeaway…………………………….. 413

57.2     Peru Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               414

57.3     Peru Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………………… 414

57.4     Peru Market Share – 2020-2030………………………… 414

58      Puerto Rico Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 415

58.1     Puerto Rico Market CEO Takeaway……………………. 415

58.2     Puerto Rico Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 416

58.3     Puerto Rico Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………….. 416

58.4     Puerto Rico Market Share – 2020-2030……………….. 416

59      Venezuela Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 417

59.1     Venezuela Market CEO Takeaway……………………… 417

59.2     Venezuela Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 418

59.3     Venezuela Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………. 418

59.4     Venezuela Market Share – 2020-2030………………… 418

60      Rest of Latin America Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………………………… 419

60.1     Rest of Latin America Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 419

60.2     Rest of Latin America Market Dynamics – 2020-2030 419

60.3     Rest of Latin America Market Share – 2020-2030….. 419

Europe……………………………………………………………………… 420

61      Austria Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 420

61.1     Austria Market CEO Takeaway………………………….. 420

61.2     Austria Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               421

61.3     Austria Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………… 421

61.4     Austria Market Share – 2020-2030……………………… 421

62      Belarus Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 422

62.1     Belarus Market CEO Takeaway…………………………. 422

62.2     Belarus Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               423

62.3     Belarus Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………….. 423

62.4     Belarus Market Share – 2020-2030…………………….. 423

63      Belgium Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 424

63.1     Belgium Market CEO Takeaway………………………… 424

63.2     Belgium Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 425

63.3     Belgium Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………. 425

63.4     Belgium Market Share – 2020-2030……………………. 425

64      Bulgaria Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 426

64.1     Bulgaria Market CEO Takeaway………………………… 426

64.2     Bulgaria Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 427

64.3     Bulgaria Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………. 429

64.4     Bulgaria Market Share – 2020-2030……………………. 429

65      Czech Republic Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………… 430

65.1     Czech Republic Market CEO Takeaway………………. 430

65.2     Czech Republic Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 431

65.3     Czech Republic Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…….. 431

65.4     Czech Republic Market Share – 2020-2030………….. 432

66      Denmark Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 432

66.1     Denmark Market CEO Takeaway……………………….. 432

66.2     Denmark Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 434

66.3     Denmark Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………… 435

66.4     Denmark Market Share – 2020-2030………………….. 435

67      Finland Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 436

67.1     Finland Market CEO Takeaway…………………………. 436

67.2     Finland Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               437

67.3     Finland Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………….. 437

67.4     Finland Market Share – 2020-2030…………………….. 438

68      France Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 438

68.1     France Market CEO Takeaway………………………….. 438

68.2     France Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               440

68.3     France Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………… 440

68.4     France Market Share – 2020-2030……………………… 440

69      Germany Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 442

69.1     Germany Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 446

69.2     Germany Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………… 446

69.3     Germany Market Share – 2020-2030………………….. 446

70      Greece Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 448

70.1     Greece Market CEO Takeaway…………………………. 448

70.2     Greece Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               449

70.3     Greece Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………….. 449

70.4     Greece Market Share – 2020-2030…………………….. 449

71      Hungary Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 450

71.1     Hungary Market CEO Takeaway………………………… 450

71.2     Hungary Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 451

71.3     Hungary Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………. 451

71.4     Hungary Market Share – 2020-2030…………………… 452

72      Italy Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030.. 452

72.1     Italy Market CEO Takeaway……………………………… 452

72.2     Italy Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               455

72.3     Italy Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………………. 455

72.4     Italy Market Share – 2020-2030…………………………. 455

73      Netherlands Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 456

73.1     Netherlands Market CEO Takeaway…………………… 456

73.2     Netherlands Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 457

73.3     Netherlands Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………. 457

73.4     Netherlands Market Share – 2020-2030………………. 458

74      Norway Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 459

74.1     Norway Market CEO Takeaway…………………………. 459

74.2     Norway Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               460

74.3     Norway Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………….. 460

74.4     Norway Market Share – 2020-2030…………………….. 460

75      Poland Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 461

75.1     Poland Market CEO Takeaway………………………….. 461

75.2     Poland Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               462

75.3     Poland Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………… 463

75.4     Poland Market Share – 2020-2030……………………… 463

76      Portugal Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 464

76.1     Portugal Market CEO Takeaway………………………… 464

76.2     Portugal Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 465

76.3     Portugal Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………. 465

76.4     Portugal Market Share – 2020-2030……………………. 465

77      Romania Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 467

77.1     Romania Market CEO Takeaway……………………….. 467

77.2     Romania Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 468

77.3     Romania Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………… 468

77.4     Romania Market Share – 2020-2030…………………… 468

78      Russia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 470

78.1     Russia Market CEO Takeaway………………………….. 470

78.2     Russia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               472

78.3     Russia Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………… 472

78.4     Russia Market Share – 2020-2030……………………… 472

79      Serbia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 473

79.1     Serbia Market CEO Takeaway…………………………… 473

79.2     Serbia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               474

79.3     Serbia Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………………. 474

79.4     Serbia Market Share – 2020-2030……………………… 474

80      Slovakia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 475

80.1     Slovakia Market CEO Takeaway………………………… 475

80.2     Slovakia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 476

80.3     Slovakia Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………. 476

80.4     Slovakia Market Share – 2020-2030…………………… 476

81      Spain Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 477

81.1     Spain Market CEO Takeaway……………………………. 477

81.2     Spain Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               478

81.3     Spain Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………….. 479

81.4     Spain Market Share – 2020-2030………………………. 479

82      Sweden Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 480

82.1     Sweden Market CEO Takeaway………………………… 480

82.2     Sweden Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 482

82.3     Sweden Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………. 482

82.4     Sweden Market Share – 2020-2030……………………. 482

83      Switzerland Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 483

83.1     Switzerland Market CEO Takeaway……………………. 483

83.2     Switzerland Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 484

83.3     Switzerland Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………….. 484

83.4     Switzerland Market Share – 2020-2030……………….. 484

84      UK Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…. 485

84.1     UK Market CEO Takeaway……………………………….. 485

84.2     UK Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 487

84.3     UK Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………………… 487

84.4     UK Market Share – 2020-2030………………………….. 488

85      Ukraine Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 489

85.1     Ukraine Market CEO Takeaway…………………………. 489

85.2     Ukraine Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 490

85.3     Ukraine Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………….. 490

85.4     Ukraine Market Share – 2020-2030…………………….. 490

86      Rest of Europe Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………… 492

86.1     Rest of Europe Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 492

86.2     Rest of Europe Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……… 492

86.3     Rest of Europe Market Share – 2020-2030…………… 492

Middle East & Africa……………………………………………………. 493

87      Algeria Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 493

87.1     Algeria Market CEO Takeaway………………………….. 493

87.2     Algeria Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               493

87.3     Algeria Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………… 494

87.4     Algeria Market Share – 2020-2030……………………… 494

88      Egypt Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 495

88.1     Egypt Market CEO Takeaway……………………………. 495

88.2     Egypt Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               496

88.3     Egypt Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………….. 496

88.4     Egypt Market Share – 2020-2030………………………. 496

89      Iran Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030… 498

89.1     Iran Market CEO Takeaway………………………………. 498

89.2     Iran Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 499

89.3     Iran Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………………….. 499

89.4     Iran Market Share – 2020-2030…………………………. 499

90      Israel Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 500

90.1     Israel Market CEO Takeaway……………………………. 500

90.2     Israel Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               502

90.3     Israel Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………….. 502

90.4     Israel Market Share – 2020-2030……………………….. 502

91      Kuwait Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 503

91.1     Kuwait Market CEO Takeaway………………………….. 503

91.2     Kuwait Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               504

91.3     Kuwait Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………… 504

91.4     Kuwait Market Share – 2020-2030……………………… 504

92      Saudi Arabia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 505

92.1     Saudi Arabia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 506

92.2     Saudi Arabia Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………… 506

92.3     Saudi Arabia Market Share – 2020-2030……………… 506

93      South Africa Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 508

93.1     South Africa Market CEO Takeaway…………………… 508

93.2     South Africa Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 509

93.3     South Africa Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………. 509

93.4     South Africa Market Share – 2020-2030………………. 509

94      Turkey Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 511

94.1     Turkey Market CEO Takeaway………………………….. 511

94.2     Turkey Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               513

94.3     Turkey Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………… 513

94.4     Turkey Market Share – 2020-2030……………………… 513

95      UAE Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030.. 514

95.1     UAE Market CEO Takeaway…………………………….. 514

95.2     UAE Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               515

95.3     UAE Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………………… 515

95.4     UAE Market Share – 2020-2030………………………… 515

96      Rest of MEA Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 516

96.1     Rest of MEA Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 516

96.2     Rest of MEA Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………. 516

96.3     Rest of MEA Market Share – 2020-2030……………… 516

97      Australia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 518

97.1     Australia Market CEO Takeaway……………………….. 518

97.2     Australia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 519

97.3     Australia Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………… 519

97.4     Australia Market Share – 2020-2030…………………… 519

98      China Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 520

98.1     China Market CEO Takeaway……………………………. 520

98.2     China Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               521

98.3     China Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………….. 521

98.4     China Market Share – 2020-2030………………………. 521

99      India Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030. 522

99.1     India Market CEO Takeaway…………………………….. 522

99.2     India Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               523

99.3     India Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………………… 523

99.4     India Market Share – 2020-2030………………………… 523

100    Indonesia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 524

100.1  Indonesia Market CEO Takeaway………………………. 524

100.2  Indonesia Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 525

100.3  Indonesia Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………….. 525

100.4  Indonesia Market Share – 2020-2030………………….. 525

101    Japan Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 526

101.1  Japan Market CEO Takeaway…………………………… 526

101.2  Japan Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030                                                                               527

101.3  Japan Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………………. 527

101.4  Japan Market Share – 2020-2030………………………. 527

102    Kazakhstan Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 528

102.1  Kazakhstan Market CEO Takeaway……………………. 528

102.2  Kazakhstan Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 529

102.3  Kazakhstan Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………….. 529

102.4  Kazakhstan Market Share – 2020-2030……………….. 529

103    Philippines Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 530

103.1  Philippines Market CEO Takeaway…………………….. 530

103.2  Philippines Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 531

103.3  Philippines Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………… 531

103.4  Philippines Market Share – 2020-2030………………… 531

104    South Korea Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………………… 532

104.1  South Korea Market CEO Takeaway…………………… 532

104.2  South Korea Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 533

104.3  South Korea Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………. 533

104.4  South Korea Market Share – 2020-2030……………… 533

105    Thailand Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 534

105.1  Thailand Market CEO Takeaway……………………….. 534

105.2  Thailand Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 535

105.3  Thailand Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………… 535

105.4  Thailand Market Share – 2020-2030…………………… 535

106    Vietnam Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030 536

106.1  Vietnam Market CEO Takeaway………………………… 536

106.2  Vietnam Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 537

106.3  Vietnam Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………. 537

106.4  Vietnam Market Share – 2020-2030……………………. 537

107    Rest of Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………… 538

107.1  Rest of Asia-Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………………….. 538

107.2  Rest of Asia-Pacific Market Dynamics – 2020-2030.. 538

107.3  Rest of Asia-Pacific Market Share – 2020-2030…….. 538

VENDORS…………………………………………………………………. 539

108    Company 1…………………………………………………………. 539

109    Company 2…………………………………………………………. 539

110    Company 3…………………………………………………………. 540

111    Company 4…………………………………………………………. 540

112    Company 5…………………………………………………………. 541

113    Company 6…………………………………………………………. 541

114    Company 7…………………………………………………………. 542

115    Company 8…………………………………………………………. 542

116    Company 9…………………………………………………………. 543

117    Company 10……………………………………………………….. 543

118    Company 11……………………………………………………….. 544

119    Company 12……………………………………………………….. 544

APPENDICES…………………………………………………………….. 545

120    Appendix A: Glossary………………………………………….. 545

121    Appendix B: Abbreviations…………………………………… 563

122    Research Methodology………………………………………… 568

122.1  Report Structure…………………………………………….. 568

122.2  Methodology………………………………………………….. 568

122.3  For Whom is this Report?…………………………………. 569

123    Disclaimer and Copyright……………………………………… 570

 

Tables

Table 1 – Electricity Production by Country – 2020……………………….. 48

Table 2 – Energy & Electricity and Per Capita Consumption by Country / Region……………………………………………………………… 49

Table 3 – Renewable vs. Fossil Fuels Heating Efficiency Cost [$ Cent / KWh] – 2020 & 2030 F…………………………………………. 57

Table 4 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market by Technology [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………. 62

Table 5 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market by Revenue [$B] – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………. 64

Table 6 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market by Region [$B] – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………. 64

Table 7 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market by Country [$B] – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………. 66

Table 8 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Technology Products & Services [$B] Markets – 2022-2030………………………… 89

Table 9 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Markets Annual Growth Rates [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………… 90

Table 10 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Products & Services Markets Shares [%] – 2022-2030……………………………. 92

Table 11 – Global Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 103

Table 12 – Global Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 103

Table 13 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………. 103

Table 14 – Global Bioremediation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030…… 113

Table 15 – Global Bioremediation Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030 113

Table 16 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Bioremediation Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 113

Table 17 – Global Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 121

Table 18 – Global Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 121

Table 19 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………. 121

Table 20 – Global Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 139

Table 21 – Global Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 139

Table 22 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Share [%] – 2022-2030….. 140

Table 23 – Global Desalination Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030 151

Table 24 – Global Desalination Plants Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 152

Table 25 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Desalination Plants Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………….. 152

Table 26 – Global Electric Buses Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030…….. 158

Table 27 – Global Electric Buses Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030. 158

Table 28 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Electric Buses Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 158

Table 29 – Global Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………… 165

Table 30 – Global Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………….. 165

Table 31 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 166

Table 32 – Global Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 171

Table 33 – Global Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………… 172

Table 34 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 172

Table 35 – Global EV Charging Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  181

Table 36 – Global EV Charging Systems Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 182

Table 37 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, EV Charging Systems Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………. 182

Table 38 – Global Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………… 191

Table 39 – Global Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 192

Table 40 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Share [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  192

Table 41 – Global Floods Control Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……. 198

Table 42 – Global Floods Control Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030 199

Table 43 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Floods Control Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 199

Table 44 – Global Freight BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……… 202

Table 45 – Global Freight BEVs Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030.. 203

Table 46 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Freight BEVs Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 203

Table 47 – Global Green Cement Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……. 210

Table 48 – Global Green Cement Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030 210

Table 49 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Green Cement Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 211

Table 50 – Color Codes by Hydrogen Manufacturing Process……….. 214

Table 51 – Comparative Table for Fossil Derived Hydrogen Production Pathways………………………………………………………… 216

Table 52 – Global Green Hydrogen Production Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 220

Table 53 – Global Green Hydrogen Production Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 220

Table 54 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Green Hydrogen Production Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………. 220

Table 55 – Global Green Steel Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……….. 224

Table 56 – Global Green Steel Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030…. 225

Table 57 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Green Steel Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 225

Table 58 – Cost Assumptions Under 2 Innovation Scenarios…………. 227

Table 59 – Global Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 232

Table 60 – Global Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 233

Table 61 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Share [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  233

Table 62 – Global Methane Abatement Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  242

Table 63 – Global Methane Abatement Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 243

Table 64 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Methane Abatement Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………. 243

Table 65 – Global Other BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……….. 252

Table 66 – Global Other BEVs Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030…. 253

Table 67 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Other BEVs Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 253

Table 68 – Global Passenger BEV Cars Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  265

Table 69 – Global Passenger BEV Cars Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 266

Table 70 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Passenger BEV Cars Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………………. 266

Table 71 – Global Passive Green Buildings Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 272

Table 72 – Global Passive Green Buildings Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 272

Table 73 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Passive Green Buildings Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………… 272

Table 74 – Global Precision Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  280

Table 75 – Global Precision Agriculture Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 280

Table 76 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Precision Agriculture Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………. 281

Table 77 – Global Precision Irrigation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030. 285

Table 78 – Global Precision Irrigation Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  286

Table 79 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Precision Irrigation Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………. 286

Table 80 – Global Reforestation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……… 297

Table 81 – Global Reforestation Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030.. 298

Table 82 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Reforestation Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 298

Table 83 – Global Regenerative Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 302

Table 84 – Global Regenerative Agriculture Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 303

Table 85 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Regenerative Agriculture Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………. 303

Table 86 – Global Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 305

Table 87 – Global Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 306

Table 88 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………. 306

Table 89 – Global Waste to Energy Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  310

Table 90 – Global Waste to Energy Plants Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 310

Table 91 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Waste to Energy Plants Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………….. 311

Table 92 – Global Water Redeemable Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 318

Table 93 – Global Water Redeemable Systems Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 318

Table 94 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Water Redeemable Systems Market Share [%] – 2022-2030.. 319

Table 95 – Global Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………… 323

Table 96 – Global Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 324

Table 97 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 324

Table 98 – Global Wildfire Mitigation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030.. 328

Table 99 – Global Wildfire Mitigation Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  328

Table 100 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market, Wildfire Mitigation Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………… 328

Table 101 – Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………………………….. 329

Table 102 – Climate Change Adaptation Market AGRs [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………………………….. 330

Table 103 – Climate Change Adaptation Market by Region [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 332

Table 104 – North America Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Sector – 2020-2030………………………………… 335

Table 105 – North America Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030…………………… 337

Table 106 – North America Climate Change Adaptation Market AGRs [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………… 338

Table 107 – Latin America Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Sector – 2020-2030……………………………………….. 341

Table 108 – Latin America Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………….. 343

Table 109 – Latin America Climate Change Adaptation Market AGRs [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………… 344

Table 110 – Europe Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Sector – 2020-2030…………………………………………… 347

Table 111 – Europe Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030……………………………… 349

Table 112 – Europe Climate Change Adaptation Market AGRs [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030……………………………… 350

Table 113 – Middle East & Africa Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Sector – 2020-2030………………………….. 353

Table 114 – Middle East & Africa Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030…………….. 355

Table 115 – Middle East & Africa Climate Change Adaptation Market AGRs [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030……………. 356

Table 116 – Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Sector – 2020-2030……………………………………….. 360

Table 117 – Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………….. 362

Table 118 – Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Market AGRs [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………….. 363

Table 119 – Climate Change Adaptation Technologies Market Size [$B] By Country – 2020-2030……………………………………… 368

Table 120 – Climate Change Adaptation Market AGRs [%] By Country – 2020-2030……………………………………………………….. 369

Table 121 – National Market Shares of the Climate Change Adaptation Market [%] – 2020-2030……………………………………… 371

Table 122 – Climate Change Adaptation Infrastructure Markets Size [$B] By Country – 2020-2030……………………………………… 374

Table 123 – Climate Change Adaptation Products Sales [$B] By Country – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 376

Table 124 – Climate Change Adaptation Maintenance Markets Size [$B] By Country – 2020-2030……………………………………… 377

Table 125 – Climate Change Adaptation Upgrades Markets Size [$B] By Country – 2020-2030…………………………………………. 379

Table 126 – Climate Change Adaptation Other* Revenue Sources [$B] By Country – 2020-2030……………………………………… 381

Table 127 – Renewable Energy and Climate Targets in the United States…………………………………………………………….. 384

Figures

Figure 1 – COP26 Pledges & Targets Based GHG Emission [GTn] Forecast to 2030………………………………………………… 43

Figure 2 – Global Warming 2010-2020 by GHG Source…………………. 44

Figure 3 – Renewable Energy Generation By Technology & By User.. 46

Figure 4 – Greenhouse Gas Emissions [%] by Sector……………………. 47

Figure 5 – Climate Change Causes and Effects…………………………… 48

Figure 6- Global Energy demand (left) & GHS Emission (Right) By Sector – 2020…………………………………………………….. 49

Figure 7 – GHG Emission per GWh of Energy Production – 2020…….. 50

Figure 8 – Average USA Levelized cost [$/MWh] of Electricity By Energy Technology – 2020……………………………………. 50

Figure 9 – Renewable Electricity Generation by Technology and Region                                                                                    51

Figure 10 – Global Electricity Consumption by Energy Source – 1985-2020………………………………………………………………… 51

Figure 11 – Levelized Cost [$/MWh] of Energy, by Source – 2008-2020                                                                                    51

Figure 12 – Renewable, Nuclear & Fossil Energy Prices [$/MWh] & Installed Capacity – 2010-2019……………………………… 52

Figure 13 – Global Warming vs. Number of Climate-Related Disasters – 1970-2032…………………………………………………………. 54

Figure 14 – Energy Storage: Duration Time and Rated Power by Modality……………………………………………………………. 54

Figure 15 – Renewable Generation Capacity By Region………………… 55

Figure 16 – Leading Renewable Energy Capacity [GW] by Country – 2020………………………………………………………………… 55

Figure 17 – Negative Emissions Role in Achieving NetZero……………. 56

Figure 18 – Global GHG Emission Reduction [%] by Technology – 2030                                                                                    61

Figure 19 – Global Electricity Generation [000 TWh] by Source – 2010- 2040………………………………………………………………… 62

Figure 20 – Global Climate Change Adaptation Market by Region [$B] – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………. 70

Figure 21 – Air Source Heat Pump: Winter & Summer Operation…….. 99

Figure 22 – Air Source Heat Pump, Heating Cycle……………………… 100

Figure 23 – Air to Air Heat Pump…………………………………………….. 101

Figure 24 – Air to Water Heat Pump………………………………………… 102

Figure 25 – Performance Standards For residential AC and Heat Pumps                                                                                  107

Figure 26 – Global Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 108

Figure 27 – Bioremediation Strategies……………………………………… 109

Figure 28 – Operation of Bio Slurping………………………………………. 110

Figure 29 – Permeable Reactive Barriers………………………………….. 111

Figure 30 – Bioventing System……………………………………………….. 111

Figure 31 – Typical Biosparging System…………………………………… 112

Figure 32 – Global Bioremediation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030….. 118

Figure 33 – Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agriculture ……………. 119

Figure 34 – Agriculture GHG Emissions……………………………………. 120

Figure 35 – The EU 2030 Targets for Substantial Food Production…. 121

Figure 36 – The Main Greenhouse Gas Emission Sources, Removals and Processes In Managed Ecosystems………………… 122

Figure 37 – Global Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 126

Figure 38 – Global Water Stress Map………………………………………. 128

Figure 39 – Global Water Extraction and Consumption by End User– 1900-2025……………………………………………………….. 130

Figure 40 – Water Supply Adaptation Strategy…………………………… 131

Figure 41 – Potential Drought Adaptation Measures……………………. 133

Figure 42 –Global Urban Population Facing Water Scarcity 2019-2050                                                                                  134

Figure 43 – Climate Change Impact on Water Supply………………….. 135

Figure 44 – Adapting Water Management to Climate Change……….. 136

Figure 45 – Metrices for Decision Making  ………………………………… 137

Figure 46 – Global Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 144

Figure 47 – Desalination Capacity By [%] by Region – 2020………….. 147

Figure 48 – Reverse Osmosis Process…………………………………….. 148

Figure 49 – Reverse Osmosis Desalination Process……………………. 149

Figure 50 – Global Desalination Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  156

Figure 51 – E-Bus Charging Technologies………………………………… 158

Figure 52 – Enabling E-Bus Adoption Factors……………………………. 161

Figure 53 – Global Electric Buses Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030…… 163

Figure 54 – Performance Standards For residential AC and Heat Pumps                                                                                  166

Figure 55 – Thermoelectric Effect……………………………………………. 167

Figure 56 – Magtor Linear Motor Oscillator Drive………………………… 169

Figure 57 – Global Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………… 170

Figure 58 – Energy Consumption By End-Use (Excludes Transport, Energy Losses in Production or Transmission And Non-Motive Power Industrial Energy Uses)……………………. 174

Figure 59 – Global Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 176

Figure 60 – Electric Passengers vs. Plug in Chargers………………….. 179

Figure 61 – Charging Times to Provide 100 km of Passenger EV Vehicle Driving……………………………………………………………. 180

Figure 62 – US Passengers EV Charging Infrastructure – 2015-2040. 181

Figure 63 – Global EV Charging Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  186

Figure 64 – Sweden Public Alarm Infrastructure Evolution……………. 188

Figure 65 – The UN Risk Based Public Warning Evolution -1960-2020                                                                                  189

Figure 66 – Public Warning System Architecture………………………… 190

Figure 67 – The Israeli Public (Location Based) Alarm System Poster                                                                                  191

Figure 68 – Mobile Alarm System……………………………………………. 193

Figure 69 – Cell Broadcast…………………………………………………….. 194

Figure 70 – Geo Fenced Alarm System……………………………………. 195

Figure 71 – Fixed WIFI Alarm System……………………………………… 196

Figure 72 – Global Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………… 196

Figure 73 – An Integrated Flood Protection……………………………….. 198

Figure 74 – Storm Surge Flooding…………………………………………… 199

Figure 75 – Provisional Flood Barriers……………………………………… 200

Figure 76 – Tidal Flood Barrier……………………………………………….. 201

Figure 77 – Global Floods Control Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030…… 203

Figure 78 – Global Freight BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030…….. 207

Figure 79 – Cement Manufacturing Energy Use and GHG Emissions 209

Figure 80 – Cement Production Outlook by Region – 2020-2050……. 210

Figure 81 – Decarbonization Actions to Net-Zero Cement & Concrete Industry…………………………………………………………… 211

Figure 82 – Cement Demand Forecast per Region – 2020-2060…….. 212

Figure 83 – Low Carbon Levels Across the Lifecycle of Cement…….. 214

Figure 84 – Global Green Cement Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030…… 215

Figure 85 – Hydrogen Consumption [M. Ton/Annum] by Country – 2020                                                                                  217

Figure 86 – Green Hydrogen Value Chain………………………………… 218

Figure 87 – Future “Hydrogen Economy” Infrastructure………………… 223

Figure 88 – Global Green Hydrogen Production Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 225

Figure 89 – Green Steel Production Using CCS & CCU……………….. 226

Figure 90 – Crude Steel Production Market Share [%] by country 2020                                                                                  226

Figure 91 – Green Steel Manufacturing Process………………………… 227

Figure 92 – Means and Methods to Reduce Carbon in the Steel Industry                                                                                  228

Figure 93 – Global Green Steel Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………. 229

Figure 94 – Distribution of Synthetic Fuels and Advanced Biofuels Costs                                                                                  231

Figure 95 – Impact of Innovation on the Energy System………………. 234

Figure 96 – Simplified Value Chain for Low Carbon Fuels…………….. 235

Figure 97 – GVA and Jobs in the Low Carbon Fuels Industry to 2050 236

Figure 98 – Global Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 237

Figure 99 – Ultra Emitting Methane Events 2019-2020………………… 239

Figure 100 – Methane Emission Sources (Left) & 1990-2050 Emissions (Right)…………………………………………………………….. 240

Figure 101 – 2020-2030 Human Caused Methane Emissions and Identified Mitigation Potential by Sectors………………… 241

Figure 102 – Emissions Abatement and Negative Emissions Infrastructure……………………………………………………. 244

Figure 103 – Global GHG Abatement Cost Beyond BAU- 2030……… 245

Figure 104 – Global Methane Abatement Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  247

Figure 105 – BNSF Battery-Electric Locomotive…………………………. 249

Figure 106 – Airbus’ E-Fan Electric Plane…………………………………. 252

Figure 107 – A Cut Away View of the HE HMMWV……………………… 253

Figure 108 – A cut-away view of the HEMITT…………………………….. 254

Figure 109 – Global Other BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030…….. 257

Figure 110 – Global Passenger Cars Sales [Million/ Annum] by Technology – 2018-2035…………………………………….. 259

Figure 111 – 100% Phase Out of ICE Countries…………………………. 261

Figure 112 – EVs vs. Renewables vs. Electrification Timeline – 2020-2050………………………………………………………………. 262

Figure 113 – EPA Rang [Mile] for 2020-Model Battery Passenger EV 264

Figure 114 – US Passengers BEV & Plug-in Sales [Units] – 2015-2025                                                                                  265

Figure 115 – Electric Cars vs. ICE Car Materials by % of the Total Weight …………………………………………………………… 267

Figure 116 – Global Passenger BEV Cars Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  270

Figure 117 – Passive House Design………………………………………… 272

Figure 118 – GHG Abatement for The Building Sector…………………. 276

Figure 119 – Global Passive Green Buildings Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 277

Figure 120 – Components of a Precision Agriculture System………… 278

Figure 121 – Precision Agriculture Technologies……………………….. 279

Figure 122 – Precision Agriculture Stakeholders………………………… 280

Figure 123 – Global Precision Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  285

Figure 124 – Precision Irrigation System…………………………………… 287

Figure 125 – Global Precision Irrigation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  290

Figure 126 – Annual Loss of Forest Cover – 2000-2020………………. 293

Figure 127 – Forest Transition Model………………………………………. 294

Figure 128 – Global Reforestation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030…… 302

Figure 129 – Global Regenerative Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 307

Figure 130 – Three E-Wheelers……………………………………………… 309

Figure 131 – Global Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 310

Figure 132 – Waste Management Process………………………………… 312

Figure 133 – UN Projection of the Global Waste [M Ton/Annum] Quantity – 1950-2050…………………………………………. 313

Figure 134 – Global Waste to Energy Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 315

Figure 135 – Recycled Water Infrastructure………………………………. 317

Figure 136 – Overview of Integrated Regional Water Management Planning and Climate Change……………………………… 318

Figure 137 – Sewage Treatment Infrastructure Elements……………… 319

Figure 138 – A Sewage Treatment Plant…………………………………… 321

Figure 139 – Global Water Redeemable Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 323

Figure 140 – Global Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 328

Figure 141 – The U.S. Wildfires Facts……………………………………… 331

Figure 142 – Global Wildfire Mitigation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030 333

Figure 143 – Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………………………….. 335

Figure 144 – Climate Change Adaptation Market Share [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………………………….. 336

Figure 145 – Climate Change Adaptation Market by Region [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 337

Figure 146 – North America Final Energy Demand by Sector [EJ]….. 338

Figure 147 – North America Primary Energy Consumption by Sector [EJ]                                                                                  339

Figure 148 – Cumulative 2022-2030 North America Climate Change Adaptation Market by Sector [$B]………………………….. 341

Figure 149 – North America Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030…………………… 342

Figure 150 – North America Climate Change Adaptation Market Share [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030…………………….. 343

Figure 151 – Latin America Final Energy Demand by Sector [EJ]…… 344

Figure 152 – Latin America Primary Energy Consumption by Sector [EJ]                                                                                  346

Figure 153 – Cumulative 2022-2030 Latin America Climate Change Adaptation Market by Sector [$B]………………………….. 347

Figure 154 – Latin America Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030…………………… 348

Figure 155 – Latin America Climate Change Adaptation Market Share [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030…………………….. 349

Figure 156 – Europe Final Energy Demand by Sector [EJ]……………. 350

Figure 157 – Europe Primary Energy Consumption by Sector [EJ]…. 351

Figure 158 – Cumulative 2022-2030 Europe Climate Change Adaptation Market by Sector [$B]…………………………………………. 353

Figure 159 – Europe Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030……………………………… 354

Figure 160 – Europe Climate Change Adaptation Market Share [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030……………………………… 355

Figure 161 – MEA Final Energy Demand by Sector [EJ]………………. 356

Figure 162 – MEA Primary Energy Consumption by Sector [EJ]…….. 357

Figure 163 – Cumulative 2022-2030 Global Middle East & Africa Change Mitigation & Adaptation Market by Sector [$B]. 359

Figure 164 – Middle East & Africa Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030…………….. 360

Figure 165 – Middle East & Africa Climate Change Adaptation Market Share [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030……………. 361

Figure 166 – Australia, New Zealand, Japan and South Korea Final Energy Demand by Sector [EJ]…………………………….. 362

Figure 167 – Australia, New Zealand, Japan and South Korea Primary Energy Consumption by Sector [EJ]………………………. 364

Figure 168 – Cumulative 2022-2030 Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Market by Sector [$B]………………………….. 366

Figure 169 – Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………….. 367

Figure 170 – Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Market Share [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………….. 368

Figure 171 – Energy Use Per Person, 2019………………………………. 369

Figure 172 – Consumption-Based Energy Use Per Person: Global Map, 2020………………………………………………………………. 370

Figure 173 – Consumption-Based Energy Use Per Person: Selected Countries………………………………………………………… 370

Figure 174 – Primary Energy Consumption by World Region – 1965-2020………………………………………………………………. 371

Figure 175 – World Energy Trilemma Index: Leading Countries – 2021                                                                                  372

Figure 176 – Climate Change Adaptation Market Share by Country – 2030………………………………………………………………. 378

Figure 177 – U.S. Electricity Generation by Major Energy Source, 1950-2020………………………………………………………………. 390

Figure 178 – Canada Electricity Generation by Energy Source [%], 2018                                                                                  394

Figure 179 – Energy Consumption by Source, Argentina……………… 397

Figure 180 – Electricity Generation In Argentina In 2020, By Type Of Fuel* (In Terawatt Hours)……………………………………. 398

Figure 181 – Brazil Power Generation Supply, 2020…………………… 401

Figure 182 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Chile 1990-2020 405

Figure 183 – Consumption Trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)………… 408

Figure 184 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Cuba 1990-2020                                                                                  410

Figure 185 – Ecuador Power Generation, 2020………………………….. 412

Figure 186 – Mexico Electricity Generation by Technology (October 2020)……………………………………………………………… 416

Figure 187 – Distribution of Electricity Generation in Peru in 2020, By Source……………………………………………………………. 418

Figure 188 – Venezuela: Installed and Available Generating Capacity and Supply, 2000–2020……………………………………… 422

Figure 189 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Austria 1990-2020                                                                                  425

Figure 190 – Consumption Trends by Energy Source in Belarus (Mtoe)                                                                                  427

Figure 191 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Belgium 1990-2019                                                                                  429

Figure 192 – Bulgaria Installed Energy Capacity………………………… 431

Figure 193 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Czech Republic 1990-2019……………………………………………………….. 435

Figure 194 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Denmark 1990-2019………………………………………………………………. 437

Figure 195 – Electricity Generation by Energy Source, Finland, 2000-2019………………………………………………………………. 441

Figure 196 – France Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source 1990-2019                                                                                  444

Figure 197 -The German Renewable Energy Use & Reduced Energy Consumption Scenario – 2005-2050………………………. 448

Figure 198 – Germany Electricity Generation per Week 22 – 2021 by Energy Generation Mode……………………………………. 449

Figure 199 – Sources of Large-Scale Energy Capacity [MW] Installed in Greece as of June 2020……………………………………… 453

Figure 200 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Hungary 1990-2019                                                                                  455

Figure 201 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Italy 1990-2019. 458

Figure 202 – Distribution of Electricity Generation in the Netherlands in 2020, By Source……………………………………………….. 461

Figure 203 – National Electricity Generation by Energy Source, Norway, in 2019……………………………………………………………. 464

Figure 204 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Poland 1990-2019                                                                                  466

Figure 205 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Portugal 1990-2019                                                                                  469

Figure 206 – Romania Consumption Trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)                                                                                  472

Figure 207 – Russia Consumption Trends by Energy Source (Mtoe). 475

Figure 208 – Serbian Energy Distribution, 2019…………………………. 478

Figure 209 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Slovak Republic 1990-2020……………………………………………………….. 480

Figure 210 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Spain 1990-2020                                                                                  482

Figure 211 – Sweden Energy Consumption, 1800-2020………………. 485

Figure 212 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Switzerland 1990-2020………………………………………………………………. 488

Figure 213 – The UK Inland Energy Consumption, 1990 and 2020 by Energy Source………………………………………………….. 490

Figure 214 – The UK Electricity Generation, 1990 and 2020 by Energy Source……………………………………………………………. 491

Figure 215 – Solar PV Installed by Quarter in UK……………………….. 492

Figure 216 – Consumption Trends by Energy Source in Ukraine (Mtoe)                                                                                  494

Figure 217 – Installed Energy Capacity of Algeria, 2019 vs. Projected 2028………………………………………………………………. 498

Figure 218 – Consumption Trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)………… 500

Figure 219 – Iran’s Electricity Generation by Fuel, 2019………………. 503

Figure 220 – Consumption Trends by Energy Source in Israel (Mtoe)                                                                                  505

Figure 221 – Total Energy Supply (TES) by Source, Saudi Arabia, 1990-2019………………………………………………………………. 510

Figure 222 – South Africa Electricity Consumption Breakdown by Sector (2020, %)………………………………………………………… 513

Figure 223 – Electricity Generation in Turkey from 2019 to 2020, by Fuel                                                                                  516

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