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HSRCAsia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation Market & Technologies – 2022-2030 – With Corona & COP26 Impacts
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Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation Market & Technologies - 2022-2030 – With Corona & COP26 Impacts

55.4% of the global Market. Bottom-up Research of 127 Submarkets.

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IBM
Amazon
Sandia National Lab
HITACHI
Thales
Smiths Detection
Nuctech
Korea Internet & Security Agency
L3Harris
Huawei
Leidos
NEC
Toshiba
Deloitte
MAG

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Description

The 407-page Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation Market & Technologies – 2022-2030 – With Corona & COP26 Impacts report contains a thorough analysis of 16 sectors, 60 technology, 11 national and 5 revenue source markets, detailing 127 markets. According to the report, the cumulative 2022-30 market size will reach $26.7 trillion, 55.4% of the global Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation Market.

 

Asia Pacific: GHG Emissions & Power Consumption – 2030

Source:ADB

“What Asia does to fight global warming will be literally felt across the whole planet.”

International Monetary Fund Blog

The Asia-Pacific Market is driven by the following factors:

  • The region emits the largest volume of GHG, producing about 50% the global carbon dioxide.
  • China, the world largest, and India, the third largest, as well as other large emitters, will have to make large efforts to reduce emissions if climate change is to be kept to the COP26 goals.
  • It’s not hard to see that what the region does to control climate change will be literally felt across the globe.
  • Extreme weather events are expected to intensify. On average, 43,000 people in Asia-Pacific are killed in storms, floods, and landslides each year.
  • South Asia countries are among the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. Extreme climate-related events – heatwaves, storms, floods, fires and droughts – affect more than half of the region’s population every year and continue to burden South Asian economies.
  • China is the world’s largest renewable energy producer and the largest producer of hydroelectricity, solar power and wind power.

Why Buy:

  • Comprehensive Report. It’s a comprehensive strategic investigation of the Asia-Pacific Warming Mitigation & Adaptation markets.
  • Bottom-up Research. The report provides you with exhaustive bottom-up research of 120 climate change mitigation and adaptation related markets.
  • Extensive Research.  The report analysts conducted interviews with dozens of experts. It reviewed over 660 reports, documents and papers published by other experts (including, for example, IEA, IRENA, the UN, Fraunhoffer and more).
  • Multi-Source Intelligence Verification. With a highly fragmented market, we addressed each dollar spent. Asia-Pacific warming mitigation market was analyzed and crosschecked via four orthogonal viewpoints: technologies and services, sectors, countries and revenue sources.
  • COP26 Revision. To guarantee the accuracy of the data and market size forecasts, we revised the data by following and analyzing the Nov. 2021 Glasgow COP26 meetings Asia-Pacific national pledges.
  • Money Trail. The report offer is the only mega-study of ‘when?’, ‘where?’, ‘why?’ and ‘how much?’ of the cumulative 2022-2030 $26.7 trillion go to market.
  • Report Excel. Once you buy the report you can get for a nominal price its Excel version.
  • Customized for Decision-Makers. This report aims to provide today’s strategic decision-makers with an expert 360-degree, time-sensitive, detailed view of this interconnected market.

Market Segmentation Vectors

What does the “Asia-Pacific   Warming Mitigation & Adaptation Market & Technologies – 2022-2030 – With Corona & COP26 Impacts” report give you?

A. Questions answered in this report include:

  • What will the 2022-2030 market size be?
  • How do COP26 & Corona affect the market?
  • Which submarkets provide attractive business opportunities?
  • What drives customers to invest?
  • What are the Warming Mitigation technologies & services trends?
  • What are the challenges to market penetration & growth?
  • How much are Asia-Pacific countries expected to invest in warming mitigation?

B. The Asia Pacific Warming Mitigation & Adaptation market data is analyzed via 4 independent perspectives:

  1. By 60 Technologies and Services:
  • Biological Carbon Capture & Sequestration
  • Carbon Capture & Storage
  • Carbon Capture & Utilization
  • Hydroelectric Power
  • Geothermal Power Generation
  • Direct Geothermal Heating & Cooling 
  • Bioenergy
  • Marine Power
  • Solar PV (Utility Scale)
  • Rooftop Solar PV
  • Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)
  • Direct Solar Water Heating
  • Offshore Wind Power
  • Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR)
  • Air Sourced Heat Pumps
  • Passenger BEV Cars
  • Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs
  • Freight BEVs
  • Electric Buses
  • Other BEVs
  • EV Charging Systems
  • Hydrogen Vehicles
  • Hydrogen Electrolyzes
  • Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure
  • Green Hydrogen Production
  • Methane Abatement
  • Green Cement
  • Green Steel
  • Passive Green Buildings
  • Grid Modernization
  • Desalination Plants
  • Onshore Wind Power
  • Nuclear Energy Plants > 1 GW
  • Small Nuclear Reactors 
  • Other Renewable Energy
  • Grid-Scale Battery Storage
  • Thermal Energy Storage
  • Compressed-Air Storage
  • Hydroelectric Energy Storage 
  • Other Energy Storage Modalities
  • Waste to Energy Plants
  • Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants
  • Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR)
  • Precision Agriculture
  • Regenerative agriculture
  • Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure
  • Water Redeemable Systems
  • Precision Irrigation
  • Climate Adapted Agriculture
  • Reforestation
  • Bioremediation
  • Floods Control
  • Wildfire Mitigation
  • Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting
  • Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems
  • GHG Emission Tracking
  • Big Data & AI
  • Cybersecurity
  • ICT (W/O Cyber, AI, Big Data)
  • Other

 2. By 5 Revenue Source Markets:

  • Infrastructure
  • Product Sales
  • Maintenance
  • Upgrades
  • Other

3. By 11 National Markets:

  • Australia
  • China
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Japan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Philippines
  • South Korea
  • Thailand
  • Vietnam
  • Rest of Asia-Pacific

4. By 16 Sectors

  • GHG Capture 
  • Renewable Energy
  • Energy Storage
  • Zero Emission Electric Utility Plants
  • Green Fuel Production Plants
  • Passive & Active Heating and Cooling
  • Electric Vehicles Fleet
  • Hydrogen Economy
  • Green Materials
  • Agriculture, Forests & Land
  • Water
  • Energy Efficient Buildings
  • Extreme Weather Events Mitigation
  • Software
  • Electric Grid 
  • Other Sectors  

C. Detailed market analysis frameworks are provided, including:

  • Market drivers & inhibitors
  • Business opportunities
  • SWOT analysis
  • Competitive analysis
  • Business environment
  • The 2020-2030 market
  • Industry Value Chain   
  • Financing & Loans       
  • Governmental R&D Funding    

D. Companies mentioned in the report: 

  • 7c Solarparken
  • Aalborg CSP
  • ABB Environmental Services Inc.
  • Abengoa
  • ABN AMRO
  • ABO Wind
  • Access Power
  • Acciona
  • ACTIAM
  • ACWA Power
  • Advanced Cyclone Systems, S.A.
  • Aeroqual
  • Ag Leader Technology
  • AGCO Corporation
  • AgJunction, Inc.
  • AIMCo
  • Airmar Technology Corporation
  • Aker Clean Carbon AS
  • Alectris
  • Alfa Laval
  • All Weather, Inc
  • Alstom Energy
  • Altogen Labs
  • Alumasc Group Plc
  • AMEA Power
  • Ameret Llc
  • Amvik Systems
  • Andritz Hydro
  • Ansaldo Energia
  • APG
  • Aquatech International
  • Areva
  • Argenta Banken Verzekeringsgroep nv
  • Ascent Solar Technologies, Inc
  • Atb Riva Calzoni
  • AVTECH
  • Azelio
  • Azure Power
  • B Fouress
  • Ballard Power Systems
  • Banpro, Grupo Promerica
  • BASF SE
  • Basler Kantonalbank
  • Bauder Limited
  • BayernLB
  • BBVA
  • BDR Thermea
  • Berner Kantonalbank AG BEKB
  • Bester Energy
  • BHEL
  • Binderholz GmbH
  • Bioactive Services Inc.
  • Bioremediation Consulting Inc.
  • Bioremedy Pty. Ltd.
  • Biwater
  • BlackRock
  • Boralex Inc
  • Bornay 
  • Bosch Thermotechnology
  • Boston Consulting Group
  • BrightSource Energy
  • Brookfield Renewable Partners
  • BRUKS Siwertell
  • BTG Pactual
  • Bündnis Bürgerenergie
  • Caixabank, SA
  • Campbell Scientific   
  • Canadian Solar, Inc
  • Carbon Clean Solutions
  • Cardano
  • Carrier Corporation
  • Carus Corp.
  • CDC Group
  • CertainTeed Corporation
  • China Guodian Corporation 
  • China HuaNeng Group
  • Chinese Renewable Energy
  • CIBC
  • CIMB Group Holdings Berhad
  • CKD Blansko
  • Coastal Enterprises, Inc
  • Cobra
  • Columbia Weather Systems
  • Comerica, Inc
  • Compte.R.
  • ConocoPhillips Company
  • Cooperativa Abaco
  • Coopeservidores RL
  • Couldberry Clean Energy
  • CropMetrics LLC
  • CRRC 
  • CSIC 
  • Daikin Industries Ltd.
  • Dakota Gasification
  • Deere and Company
  • Desjardins Group
  • Detroit Stoker Company
  • Dii Desert Energy
  • Dongfang Electric
  • Doosan heavy industries & construction
  • Doosan 
  • Dow
  • Drylet Llc
  • Dulas
  • Dutch Marine Energy Centre
  • du Pont de Nemours and Company
  • Eco Blue Bioremediation Canada
  • Ecology Building Society
  • ECOWAS Centre for Renewable
  • EDP Renováveis, S.A.
  • Efficiency Partnership (REEEP)
  • EG&G Inc.
  • EIG Global Energy Partners
  • EKO energy
  • Elecon Engineering 
  • Emerson
  • ENEL Green Power (EGP)
  • Enercon 
  • ENERGIA
  • Energiekontor AG
  • Energy and Energy Efficiency (RCREEE)
  • Energy Innovations (UK)
  • Energy Watch Group
  • Enessere 
  • Enlight Renewable Energy Ltd.
  • Enphase Energy
  • Envira
  • Envirogen Technologies Inc.
  • Environment Development
  • Envision Energy 
  • Enviva
  • eSolar
  • Evergreen Engineering
  • Evoqua Water Technologies
  • Falck Renewables
  • Ferrovial
  • FinDev Canada
  • Finergreen
  • First National Energy Corp
  • First Solar Holding, LLC
  • FirstRand Group Ltd
  • Fisia Italimpianti
  • Fiton Group
  • Flibe Energy
  • Flovel Energy Private Limited
  • Fluence
  • Fluor Corporation
  • FMO
  • Forbo International SA
  • FTI Consulting
  • Fuji Electric
  • Fuji Heavy Industries 
  • Gamesa Corporación Tecnológica
  • Ganz EEPM
  • Garioni Naval (Italy)
  • General Electric
  • Genesis Water Technologies
  • Geothermal Energy Nordic AS (gtml)
  • Geovation Engineering P.C.
  • GFZ Helmholtz Zentrum Potsdam
  • Gilbert Gilkes & Gordon Ltd
  • GlassPoint Solar
  • Global Hydro Energy
  • Global Solar Council (GSC)
  • Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC)
  • Gold Standard
  • Goldwind
  • Graded
  • Gradko
  • Greenera Energy India Pvt
  • Greenpeace International
  • GUGLER
  • Halliburton
  • Hangzhou Boiler (China)
  • Hanjin 
  • Hannon Armstrong
  • Hanwell Solutions
  • Hanwha Asset Management
  • HEITRONICS
  • Hitachi
  • Hi-VAWT 
  • Hivos
  • Honeywell
  • HS Orka
  • HSBC Holdings PLC
  • HTCO2 Systems
  • Hurst Boiler & Welding Co. Inc.
  • Husk Power Systems
  • Hyosung 
  • Hyundai Heavy Industries 
  • Iberdrola SA
  • ICLEI – Local Governments
  • IDE Technologies
  • Infigen Energy
  • Ingersoll-Rand PLC
  • Inox Wind  
  • Interface Inc.
  • Interra Global Corporation
  • iSun isunenergy.com
  • Ivey International Inc.
  • Japan Steel Works 
  • John King Chains USA
  • JRW Bioremediation Llc
  • Justsen Energiteknik (Denmark)
  • Kankyo Cleantech Llp
  • KBC Group
  • kiloWattsol
  • Kingspan Group plc
  • Koch Separation Solutions
  • Kohlbach Group (Austria)
  • Kolektor Turboinstitut
  • Končar 
  • Lafarge
  • Lambda Bioremediation Systems Inc.
  • LAMBION Energy Solutions (Germany)
  • Limited
  • Lekela Power
  • Lhoist UK Ltd/Tradical
  • Linde Engineering
  • Lointek
  • Longyuan Power
  • Lufft Mess-und Regeltechnik   
  • Machine Sazi Arak 
  • MagNet Hungarian Community Bank
  • Mainstream Renewable Power
  • MAKE/Wood Mackenzie
  • Makona Hardware and Industrial (Pty.) Ltd.
  • Mali Folkecenter
  • Mapna 
  • Masdar
  • Mavel
  • MENA
  • Metito
  • Microgen Biotech Ltd.
  • Mitsubishi Electric Corporation
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
  • MN
  • Modine
  • Moltex Energy
  • Morcom International
  • Morgan Stanley
  • Mouser Electronics
  • MS Energy Solutions Ltd
  • Mujeres en Energía Renovable
  • Münchener Verein Versicherung
  • National Fiber
  • NatWest Group
  • Neoen
  • Netherlands Wind Energy
  • Network Consulting Group
  • Network for the 21st Century (REN21)
  • New Energy Nexus
  • NIBC Holding NV
  • Nibe Industrier
  • NN Group
  • Nordex SE 
  • Nordic Folkecenter
  • Novatec
  • Novozymes
  • Ocean Energy Europe
  • Ocean Power Technologies, Inc
  • OCHSNER Warmepumpen
  • Oil Spill Eater International Corp.
  • Ontario Sustainable Energy
  • Opsis
  • Ormat Technologies Inc.
  • Owens Corning
  • PacWind 
  • Pall Corporation
  • Panasonic Corporation
  • Phanes Group
  • Phoenix Group

 

 

  • PIDG – The Private Infrastructure Development Group Ltd
  • PlanetEnergy
  • PostFinance AG
  • PPG Industries
  • Practical Action
  • Primus windpower
  • Probiosphere Inc.
  • ProcessBarron
  • Produbanco
  • PV Crystalox Solar, plc
  • QM Environmental International B.V.
  • quietrevolution 
  • Qway Energy
  • Rabobank
  • Rackam
  • Rahimafrooz Renewable
  • Raise Green, Inc
  • Raven Industries Inc.
  • RE100/The Climate Group
  • RedBuilt, LLC
  • Renovagen Ltd.
  • Revelle Group
  • REVOLVE
  • Reward Wall Systems
  • Rioglass Solar
  • Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation
  • RNAS Remediation Products
  • RNHB BV
  • Robeco
  • Robert Bosch GmbH (Bosch Thermotechnology Corporation)
  • Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI)
  • Rotronic
  • RRB Energy Limited 
  • Ryse Energy
  • SAC Apoyo Integral, SA
  • Safbon Water Technology
  • Samorka, tbc
  • SANY 
  • Sasol Limited
  • Schneider Electric
  • Schott
  • SENER
  • SER Colombia
  • Sevenson Environmental Services Inc.
  • SGS Weather
  • Shams Power
  • Shandong Sukahan Bio-Technology Co. Ltd.
  • Shanghai Electric 
  • Shell Cansolv
  • Shinhan Financial Group
  • Siemens
  • Sinovel 
  • Skye Instruments
  • Skypower
  • SMA Solar Technology
  • Smp drilling, tbc
  • SNC-Lavalin
  • Solar Euromed
  • Solar Head of State
  • SolarCoin Foundation
  • SolarEdge Technologies, Inc
  • Solarlite
  • SolarPower Europe
  • SolarReserve
  • SolarWorld AG
  • Soliterm Group
  • Sopogy Micro CSP
  • SoyutWind
  • Statoil ASA
  • Stichting Pensioenfonds Metaal en Techniek (PMT)
  • Stichting Pensioenfonds van de Metalektro (PME)
  • Stiebel Eltron
  • Structurlam Products Ltd.
  • STX Windpower
  • SUEZ
  • Summit Carbon Capture
  • Sunlabob Renewable Energy
  • SunPower Corporation
  • Sunrun
  • Sutron Corporation
  • Suzlon 
  • Syndicat des Énergies
  • Synex International
  • TCXFund
  • TECO 
  • TERI School of Advanced Studies
  • Terna Energy
  • Terra Power
  • Terrestrial Energy
  • TES Vsetín
  • Tesla, Inc.
  • Tesup 
  • The Glen Dimplex Group
  • The Nature Conservancy
  • The Weather Company   
  • ThermoFisher Scientific
  • ThorCon Power
  • Topcon Corporation
  • Torresol Energy
  • Torxx Kinetic Pulverizer
  • Toshiba
  • Trane
  • Transatomic Power Corporation
  • Trident Environmental Llc
  • Trimble, Inc.
  • Trina Solar
  • TUGE Energia 
  • TVP Solar
  • UGE International, LTD
  • UNISON 
  • Urban Green Energy 
  • Vaillant
  • Vaisala
  • Van Lanschot Kempen
  • Vancity
  • Vasudha Foundation
  • VEOLIA
  • Verde Environmental Group
  • Vergnet 
  • Vestas Wind Systems
  • Viessmann Group
  • Voith GmbH
  • VSECU
  • Vulcan Energie Ressourcen GmbH, tbc
  • WABAG
  • WaterPower Canada
  • WEG 
  • Wellons
  • Western Power
  • WETICO (Water & Environment Technologies)
  • WindForce
  • Wizard Power
  • Wolf Material Handling Systems
  • Wuxi Huaguang Boiler (China)
  • WWF-Emirates Nature WPO
  • XacBank
  • Xant 
  • Xylem (YSI)
  • Yansa Group
  • Yeager Energy B.V.
  • Yellow Door Energy
  • Zhejiang Jinlun Electromechanic
  • Zhengzhou Boiler
  • Zhuhai Wangyang Water Treatment Equipment

 

 

 

Table of Contents

Download TOC as PDF

Contents

1         The Report Key Assumptions…………………………………. 45

2         Executive Summary………………………………………………. 46

2.1        Key Findings…………………………………………………… 46

2.2        Key Conclusions………………………………………………. 59

2.3        Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market Segmentation Vectors……………………………………….. 69

2.4        Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2022-2030……………………………………………………………… 70

2.4.1            Asia-Pacific Market by Technology – 2022-2030.. 70

2.4.2            Asia-Pacific Market by Sector – 2022-2030………. 72

2.4.3            Asia-Pacific Market by Revenue Source – 2022-2030………………………………………………………… 73

2.4.4            Asia-Pacific Market by Region – 2022-2030……… 73

2.4.5            Asia-Pacific Market by Country – 2022-2030…….. 75

3         COP26 & COVID-19 Implications……………………………… 76

3.1        COP26 Takeaway……………………………………………. 76

3.2        COVID-19 Implications………………………………………. 77

4         The Industry Value Chain……………………………………….. 79

5         Business Opportunities…………………………………………. 80

6         Market Drivers………………………………………………………. 91

7         Market Inhibitors…………………………………………………… 92

8         SWOT Analysis…………………………………………………….. 93

8.1        Strengths……………………………………………………….. 93

8.2        Weaknesses…………………………………………………… 94

8.3        Opportunities…………………………………………………… 95

8.4        Threats………………………………………………………….. 96

TECHNOLOGY, PRODUCT & SERVICE MARKETS…………….. 98

9         Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Technologies, Products & Services Markets – 2020-2030………………… 98

9.1        Technology, Products & Services Markets Size………. 98

9.2        Technology Products & Services Markets Dynamics… 99

9.3        Technology Products & Services Markets Share……. 101

10      Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market – 2022-2030…………… 103

10.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 103

10.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 103

10.1.2          Heat Pump Technologies……………………………. 109

10.1.3          Heat Pump Cost Performance……………………… 110

10.1.4          Legislation……………………………………………….. 111

10.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 111

10.3     Asia-Pacific Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 112

10.3.1          Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Size……………. 112

10.3.2          Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Dynamics…….. 112

10.3.3          Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Share………….. 112

11      Big Data & AI Market – 2022-2030…………………………… 113

11.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 113

11.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 113

11.1.2          Application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the Asia-Pacific Warming Mitigation Industry………………. 116

11.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 116

11.3     Asia-Pacific Big Data & AI Market – 2020-2030…….. 117

11.3.1          Big Data & AI Market Size…………………………… 117

11.3.2          Big Data & AI Market Dynamics……………………. 118

11.3.3          Big Data & AI Market Share…………………………. 118

12      Bioenergy Market – 2022-2030………………………………. 119

12.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 119

12.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 119

12.1.2          Bioenergy for Electricity Generation………………. 122

12.1.3          Bioenergy in Industry…………………………………. 122

12.1.4          Thermo-Chemical Process………………………….. 123

12.1.5          Bio-Chemical Process………………………………… 124

12.1.6          Bioenergy Conversion Technologies……………… 125

12.1.7          Asia-Pacific Bioenergy Market……………………… 126

12.1.8          Asia-Pacific Bio-Heating Market……………………. 126

12.1.9          Biomass Heating For Buildings…………………….. 127

12.1.10       Asia-Pacific Bio-Power Markets……………………. 128

12.1.11       The Asia-Pacific Solid Biomass Industry…………. 129

12.1.12       The Asia-Pacific Liquid Biofuels Industry………… 130

12.1.13       The Asia-Pacific Gaseous Biomass Industry……. 130

12.1.14       Asia-Pacific Bioenergy CCS & CCU………………. 130

12.1.15       Thermal Conversions…………………………………. 132

12.1.16       Chemical Conversion…………………………………. 132

12.1.17       Biochemical Conversion……………………………… 132

12.1.18       Electrochemical Conversions……………………….. 133

12.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 133

12.3     Asia-Pacific Bioenergy Market – 2020-2030…………. 134

12.3.1          Bioenergy Market Size……………………………….. 134

12.3.2          Bioenergy Market Dynamics………………………… 134

12.3.3          Bioenergy Market Share……………………………… 134

13      Biological Carbon Capture & Sequestration Market – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………… 135

13.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 135

13.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 135

13.1.2          Kelp Farms Products…………………………………. 137

13.1.3          Biological Carbon Sequestration…………………… 137

13.1.4          Microalgae Carbon Biological Capture & Utilization……………………………………………………………… 137

13.1.5          Oceans Carbon Sequestration……………………… 138

13.1.6          Soil Carbon Sequestration…………………………… 138

13.1.7          Forests Carbon Sequestration……………………… 138

13.1.8          Grasslands Carbon Sequestration………………… 139

13.1.9          Impacts of Carbon Sequestration………………….. 139

13.2     Asia-Pacific Biological Carbon Capture & Sequestration Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 139

13.2.1          Biological Carbon Capture & Sequestration Market Size……………………………………………………….. 139

13.2.2          Biological Carbon Capture & Sequestration Market Dynamics………………………………………………… 140

13.2.3          Biological Carbon Capture & Sequestration Market Share……………………………………………………… 140

14      Bioremediation Market – 2022-2030……………………….. 141

14.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 141

14.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 141

14.1.2          Bioremediation Cleanup Strategy………………….. 145

14.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 148

14.3     Asia-Pacific Bioremediation Market – 2020-2030…… 150

14.3.1          Bioremediation Market Size…………………………. 150

14.3.2          Bioremediation Market Dynamics………………….. 150

14.3.3          Bioremediation Market Share………………………. 150

15      Carbon Capture & Storage Market – 2022-2030………… 151

15.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 151

15.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 151

15.1.2          Geological Carbon Sequestration…………………. 153

15.1.3          Technological Carbon Sequestration……………… 153

15.1.4          Graphene Production…………………………………. 153

15.1.5          Direct Air Capture (DAC)…………………………….. 153

15.1.6          Engineered Molecules………………………………… 153

15.1.7          CCS, DOE Investments………………………………. 154

15.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 155

15.3     Asia-Pacific Carbon Capture & Storage Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 156

15.3.1          Carbon Capture & Storage Market Size…………. 156

15.3.2          Carbon Capture & Storage Market Dynamics….. 156

15.3.3          Carbon Capture & Storage Market Share……….. 157

16      Carbon Capture & Utilization Market – 2022-2030…….. 158

16.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 158

16.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 158

16.1.2          CCU Proliferation………………………………………. 160

16.1.3          Carbon Capture and Utilization Applications……. 161

16.1.4          Algae Cultivation……………………………………….. 162

16.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 164

16.3     Asia-Pacific Carbon Capture & Utilization Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 165

16.3.1          Carbon Capture & Utilization Market Size……….. 165

16.3.2          Carbon Capture & Utilization Market Dynamics… 165

16.3.3          Carbon Capture & Utilization Market Share…….. 165

17      Climate Adapted Agriculture Market – 2022-2030……… 166

17.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 166

17.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 166

17.2     Agriculture GHG Emission………………………………… 170

17.3     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 172

18.1     Asia-Pacific Climate Adapted Agriculture Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 173

18.1.1          Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Size……….. 173

18.1.2          Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Dynamics… 173

18.1.3          Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Share……… 173

19      Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market – 2022-2030 174

19.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 174

19.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 174

19.1.2          Digital Technologies…………………………………… 182

19.1.3          Water Management Strategy……………………….. 183

19.1.4          Agriculture Water Management……………………. 187

19.1.5          Urban Water Management………………………….. 188

19.1.6          Urban Decision Support System…………………… 189

19.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 189

19.3     Asia-Pacific Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 191

19.3.1          Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Size……………………………………………………………… 191

19.3.2          Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Dynamics………………………………………………… 191

19.3.3          Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Share……………………………………………………………… 192

20      Compressed-Air Storage Market – 2022-2030………….. 194

20.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 194

20.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 194

20.1.2          Adiabatic Compressed-Air Energy Storage……… 196

20.1.3          Diabatic Compressed-Air Energy Storage………. 196

20.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 197

20.3     Asia-Pacific Compressed-Air Storage Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 197

20.3.1          Compressed-Air Storage Market Size……………. 197

20.3.2          Compressed-Air Storage Market Dynamics…….. 198

20.3.3          Compressed-Air Storage Market Share………….. 198

21      Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market – 2022-2030. 199

21.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 199

21.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 199

21.1.2          CSP Projects……………………………………………. 201

21.1.3          CSP vs. Solar PV……………………………………… 202

21.2     CSP Key Vendors…………………………………………… 202

21.3     Asia-Pacific Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 203

21.3.1          Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Size… 203

21.3.2          Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Dynamics……………………………………………………………… 204

21.3.3          Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Share. 204

22      Cybersecurity Market – 2022-2030…………………………. 205

22.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 205

22.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 205

22.1.2          Cybersecurity in the Asia-Pacific Warming Mitigation Industry…………………………………………………… 207

22.1.3          Cybercrime in the Electric Power Industry………. 207

22.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 208

22.3     Asia-Pacific Cybersecurity Market – 2020-2030…….. 209

22.3.1          Cybersecurity Market Size…………………………… 209

22.3.2          Cybersecurity Market Dynamics…………………… 209

22.3.3          Cybersecurity Market Share………………………… 209

23      Desalination Plants Market – 2022-2030………………….. 210

23.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 210

23.2     Technologies…………………………………………………. 214

23.2.1          Solar Distillation………………………………………… 215

23.2.2          Natural Evaporation…………………………………… 215

23.2.3          Vacuum Distillation……………………………………. 215

23.2.4          Multi-Stage Flash Distillation……………………….. 215

23.2.5          Multiple-Effect Distillation……………………………. 215

23.2.6          Vapor-Compression Distillation…………………….. 216

23.2.7          Wave-Powered Desalination……………………….. 216

23.2.8          Membrane Distillation………………………………… 216

23.2.9          Reverse Osmosis……………………………………… 216

23.2.10       Forward Osmosis……………………………………… 217

23.2.11       Freeze–Thaw…………………………………………… 217

23.2.12       Electrodialysis Membrane…………………………… 218

23.2.13       Technical Challenges…………………………………. 218

23.3     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 219

23.4     Asia-Pacific Desalination Plants Market – 2020-2030 220

23.4.1          Desalination Plants Market Size…………………… 220

23.4.2          Desalination Plants Market Dynamics……………. 221

23.4.3          Desalination Plants Market Share…………………. 221

24      Direct Geothermal Heating & Cooling Market – 2022-2030 222

24.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 222

24.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 222

24.1.2          Direct Geothermal Heating & Cooling Applications……………………………………………………………… 223

24.1.3          Geothermal Heat Pumps. Heating and Cooling… 223

24.1.4          Geothermal District Heating…………………………. 224

24.1.5          Geothermal Heating Pump Price Competitiveness……………………………………………………………… 225

24.2     Asia-Pacific Direct Geothermal Heating & Cooling Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 226

24.2.1          Direct Geothermal Heating & Cooling Market Size……………………………………………………………… 226

24.2.2          Direct Geothermal Heating & Cooling Market Dynamics………………………………………………… 227

24.2.3          Direct Geothermal Heating & Cooling Market Share……………………………………………………………… 227

25      Direct Solar Water Heating Market – 2022-2030………… 228

25.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 228

25.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 228

25.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 232

25.3     Asia-Pacific Direct Solar Water Heating Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 232

25.3.1          Direct Solar Water Heating Market Size…………. 232

25.3.2          Direct Solar Water Heating Market Dynamics….. 233

25.3.3          Direct Solar Water Heating Market Share……….. 233

26      Electric Buses Market – 2022-2030…………………………. 234

26.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 234

26.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 234

26.1.2          E-Bus Economy………………………………………… 236

26.1.3          COVID-19 Effects……………………………………… 238

26.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 238

26.4     Asia-Pacific Electric Buses Market – 2020-2030……. 239

26.4.1          Electric Buses Market Size………………………….. 239

26.4.2          Electric Buses Market Dynamics…………………… 239

26.4.3          Electric Buses Market Share……………………….. 239

27      Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market – 2022-2030………………………………………………. 240

27.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 240

27.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 240

27.1.2          Example 1. Thermoelectric Effect…………………. 243

27.1.3          Example 2: Reciprocating Compressors…………. 244

27.1.4          Example 3: Energy Efficient HVAC Ducts……….. 245

27.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 246

27.3     Asia-Pacific Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market – 2020-2030……………… 246

27.3.1          Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Size…………………………………….. 246

27.3.2          Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Dynamics……………………………… 246

27.3.3          Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Share………………………………….. 247

28      Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………… 248

28.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 248

28.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 248

28.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 252

28.3     Asia-Pacific Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market – 2020-2030………………………………… 252

28.3.1          Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Size……………………………………………… 252

28.3.2          Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Dynamics………………………………………. 253

28.3.3          Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Share……………………………………………. 253

29      EV Charging Systems Market – 2022-2030………………. 254

29.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 254

29.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 254

29.1.2          Light-Duty Vehicle Chargers………………………… 257

29.1.3          Private Home And Workplace Chargers…………. 258

29.1.4          Charging Heavy-Duty Electric Trucks…………….. 259

29.1.5          Mega-High Power Charging Standarts…………… 259

29.1.6          EVs and Energy Storage…………………………….. 260

29.1.7          Wireless Charging…………………………………….. 261

29.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 262

29.3     Asia-Pacific EV Charging Systems Market – 2020-2030                                                                               262

29.3.1          EV Charging Systems Market Size……………….. 262

29.3.2          EV Charging Systems Market Dynamics………… 263

29.3.3          EV Charging Systems Market Share……………… 263

30      Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………………… 264

30.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 264

30.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 264

30.1.2          Cell Baed Broadcast………………………………….. 268

30.1.3          Location Based Alert SMS…………………………… 270

30.2     Asia-Pacific Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 272

30.2.1          Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Size……………………………………………………….. 272

30.2.2          Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Dynamics………………………………………………… 273

30.2.3          Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Share……………………………………………………… 273

31      Flood Control Market – 2022-2030………………………….. 274

31.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 274

31.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 274

31.1.2          Structural Forms of Mitigation………………………. 277

31.1.3          Nonstructural Measures……………………………… 278

31.1.4          Floodwater Diversion and Storage………………… 278

31.1.5          Floodplain and Stream Restoration……………….. 278

31.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 278

31.3     Asia-Pacific Floods Control Market – 2020-2030……. 279

31.3.1          Floods Control Market Size…………………………. 279

31.3.2          Floods Control Market Dynamics………………….. 280

31.3.3          Floods Control Market Share……………………….. 280

32      Freight BEVs Market – 2022-2030…………………………… 281

32.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 281

32.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 281

32.1.2          COVID-19 Effects……………………………………… 282

32.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 283

32.3     Asia-Pacific Freight BEVs Market – 2020-2030……… 283

32.3.1          Freight BEVs Market Size…………………………… 283

32.3.2          Freight BEVs Market Dynamics……………………. 284

32.3.3          Freight BEVs Market Share…………………………. 284

33      GHG Emission Tracking Market – 2022-2030…………… 285

33.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 285

33.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 285

33.1.2          Methane Emission Tracking Technologies………. 289

33.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 291

33.3     Asia-Pacific GHG Emission Tracking Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 291

33.3.1          GHG Emission Tracking Market Size…………….. 291

33.3.2          GHG Emission Tracking Market Dynamics……… 292

33.3.3          GHG Emission Tracking Market Share…………… 292

34      Geothermal Power Generation Market – 2022-2030…… 293

34.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 293

34.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 293

34.1.2          Geothermal Electric Power Generation………….. 295

34.1.3          Geothermal Power Plants LCOE…………………… 296

34.1.4          Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS)………….. 296

34.1.5          The 2022-2030 Market Growth Drivers…………… 298

34.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 299

34.3     Asia-Pacific Geothermal Power Generation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 300

34.3.1          Geothermal Power Generation Market Size…….. 300

34.3.2          Geothermal Power Generation Market Dynamics 300

34.3.3          Geothermal Power Generation Market Share….. 301

35      Green Cement Market – 2022-2030…………………………. 302

35.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 302

35.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 302

35.1.2          Cement Decarbonization Options…………………. 306

35.1.3          Cement Negative Emission Technologies……….. 306

35.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 308

35.3     Asia-Pacific Green Cement Market – 2020-2030……. 308

35.3.1          Green Cement Market Size…………………………. 308

35.3.2          Green Cement Market Dynamics………………….. 308

35.3.3          Green Cement Market Share……………………….. 309

36      Green Hydrogen Production Market – 2022-2030……… 310

36.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 310

36.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 310

36.1.2          Green Hydrogen……………………………………….. 314

36.1.3          The European Hydrogen  Market………………….. 315

36.1.4          The Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Market………………… 315

36.2     A Net-Zero“Hydrogen Economy” by 2050 Scenario… 316

36.3     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 317

36.4     Asia-Pacific Green Hydrogen Production Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 318

36.4.1          Green Hydrogen Production Market Size……….. 318

36.4.2          Green Hydrogen Production Market Dynamics… 318

36.4.3          Green Hydrogen Production Market Share……… 318

37      Green Steel Market – 2022-2030…………………………….. 319

37.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 319

37.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 319

37.1.2          CHG Emissions & Decarbonized (Green) Steel.. 321

37.2     Asia-Pacific Green Steel Market – 2020-2030……….. 322

37.2.1          Green Steel Market Size…………………………….. 322

37.2.2          Green Steel Market Dynamics……………………… 323

37.2.3          Green Steel Market Share…………………………… 323

38      Grid Modernization Market – 2022-2030………………….. 324

38.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 324

38.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 324

38.1.2          Smart Grid………………………………………………. 326

38.1.3          Transmission Lines Modernization………………… 327

38.1.4          Demand Response……………………………………. 328

38.1.5          Hardening the Grid……………………………………. 328

38.1.6          Advanced Distribution Management Systems….. 329

38.1.7          Smart Inverters…………………………………………. 329

38.1.8          Smart Meters……………………………………………. 329

38.1.9          Microgrids……………………………………………….. 329

38.2     Asia-Pacific Grid Modernization Market – 2020-2030 331

38.2.1          Grid Modernization Market Size……………………. 331

38.2.2          Grid Modernization Market Dynamics…………….. 332

38.2.3          Grid Modernization Market Share…………………. 332

39      Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market – 2022-2030……….. 333

39.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 333

39.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 333

39.1.2          The U.S.  Energy Storage Market…………………. 336

39.1.3          Grid-Scale Battery Storage Benefits………………. 336

39.1.4          EVs and Energy Storage…………………………….. 337

39.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 339

39.3     Asia-Pacific Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 339

39.3.1          Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market Size…………. 339

39.3.2          Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market Dynamics….. 340

39.3.3          Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market Share……….. 340

40      Hydroelectric Energy Storage Market – 2022-2030……. 341

40.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 341

40.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 341

40.1.2          Facts & Figures………………………………………… 344

40.1.3          Pumped Hydroelectric Storage Technologies….. 344

40.1.4          Variable-Speed Pump-Storage Technology…….. 345

40.1.5          Key Vendors……………………………………………. 345

40.2     Asia-Pacific Hydroelectric Energy Storage Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 346

40.2.1          Hydroelectric Energy Storage Market Size……… 346

40.2.2          Hydroelectric Energy Storage Market Dynamics. 347

40.2.3          Hydroelectric Energy Storage Market Share……. 347

41      Hydroelectric Power Market – 2022-2030………………… 348

41.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 348

41.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 348

41.1.2          Hydropower LCOE…………………………………….. 351

41.1.3          Hydropower Technology…………………………….. 351

41.1.4          Hydroelectric Power Project Construction Cost… 352

41.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 353

41.3     Asia-Pacific Hydroelectric Power Market – 2020-2030                                                                               353

41.3.1          Hydroelectric Power Market Size………………….. 353

41.3.2          Hydroelectric Power Market Dynamics…………… 353

41.3.3          Hydroelectric Power Market Share………………… 354

42      Hydrogen Vehicles Market – 2022-2030…………………… 355

42.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 355

42.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 355

42.1.2          Fuel Cell Passenger Vehicles………………………. 361

42.1.3          Fuel-cell Buses…………………………………………. 361

42.1.4          Fuel-cell Trams and Trains………………………….. 361

42.1.5          Hydrogen Vehicles Advantages……………………. 362

42.1.6          Hydrogen Vehicles Disadvantages………………… 362

42.1.7          Hydrogen Storage…………………………………….. 362

42.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 363

42.3     Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Vehicles Market – 2020-2030. 363

42.3.1          Hydrogen Vehicles Market Size……………………. 363

42.3.2          Hydrogen Vehicles Market Dynamics…………….. 364

42.3.3          Hydrogen Vehicles Market Share………………….. 364

43      Hydrogen Electrolyzers Market – 2022-2030……………. 365

43.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 365

43.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 365

43.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 370

43.3     Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Electrolyzers Market – 2020-2030                                                                               370

43.3.1          Hydrogen Electrolyzers Market Size………………. 370

43.3.2          Hydrogen Electrolyzers Market Dynamics………. 370

43.3.3          Hydrogen Electrolyzers Market Share……………. 371

44      Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Market – 2022-2030… 372

44.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 372

44.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 372

44.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 376

44.3     Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 376

44.3.1          Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Market Size…… 376

44.3.2          Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Market Dynamics……………………………………………………………… 376

44.3.3          Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Market Share…. 377

45      ICT (w/o Cyber, AI, Big Data) Market – 2022-2030……… 378

45.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 378

45.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 378

45.1.2          Distributed Energy Resources ICT………………… 379

45.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 379

45.3     Asia-Pacific ICT (w/o Cyber, AI, Big Data) Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 380

45.3.1          ICT (w/o Cyber, AI, Big Data) Market Size………. 380

45.3.2          ICT (w/o Cyber, AI, Big Data) Market Dynamics.. 381

45.3.3          ICT (w/o Cyber, AI, Big Data) Market Share……. 381

46      Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………………… 382

46.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 382

46.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 382

46.2     Asia-Pacific Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 388

46.2.1          Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Size……………………………………………………………… 388

46.2.2          Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Dynamics………………………………………………… 389

46.2.3          Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Share……………………………………………………… 389

47      Marine Power Systems Market – 2022-2030…………….. 390

47.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 390

47.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 390

47.1.2          Marine Tidal Power technologies………………….. 391

47.1.3          Marine Current Power Generation………………… 392

47.1.4          Marine Osmotic Power Generation……………….. 392

47.1.5          Ocean Thermal Energy………………………………. 393

47.1.6          Marine Wave Power…………………………………… 393

47.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 394

47.3     Asia-Pacific Marine Power Market – 2020-2030…….. 395

47.3.1          Marine Power Market Size………………………….. 395

47.3.2          Marine Power Market Dynamics…………………… 395

47.3.3          Marine Power Market Share………………………… 396

48      Methane Abatement Market – 2022-2030…………………. 397

48.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 397

48.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 397

48.1.2          Methane Sources……………………………………… 399

48.1.3          COP26 Methane Pledge…………………………….. 400

48.1.4          Methane Mitigation……………………………………. 400

48.1.5          GHG Abatement Cost Forcast – 2030…………….. 402

48.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 403

48.3     Asia-Pacific Methane Abatement Market – 2020-2030                                                                               405

48.3.1          Methane Abatement Market Size………………….. 405

48.3.2          Methane Abatement Market Dynamics…………… 406

48.3.3          Methane Abatement Market Share……………….. 406

49      Nuclear Energy Plants (> 1 GW) Market – 2022-2030…. 407

49.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 407

49.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 407

49.1.2          Facts and Figures……………………………………… 408

49.1.3          Installed Base of Power Reactors – 2021………… 409

49.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 409

49.3     Asia-Pacific Nuclear Energy Plants > 1 GW Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 410

49.3.1          Nuclear Energy Plants > 1 GW Market Size……. 410

49.3.2          Nuclear Energy Plants > 1 GW Market Dynamics 410

49.3.3          Nuclear Energy Plants > 1 GW Market Share….. 411

50      Offshore Wind Power Market – 2022-2030……………….. 412

50.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 412

50.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 412

50.1.2          Floating offshore wind power market……………… 417

50.1.3          The Proliferation of Offshore Wind Power Farms by Geography………………………………………………. 418

50.1.4          Operational Cost……………………………………….. 419

50.1.5          Cost trends……………………………………………… 419

50.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 420

50.3     Asia-Pacific Offshore Wind Power Market – 2020-2030                                                                               420

50.3.1          Offshore Wind Power Market Size………………… 420

50.3.2          Offshore Wind Power Market Dynamics…………. 421

50.3.3          Offshore Wind Power Market Share………………. 421

51      Onshore Wind Power Market – 2022-2030……………….. 422

51.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 422

51.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 422

51.1.2          Onshore Wind LCOE Outlook………………………. 424

51.1.3          Onshore Wind Power Disadvantages…………….. 424

51.1.4          Key Vendors……………………………………………. 424

51.2     Asia-Pacific Onshore Wind Power Market – 2020-2030                                                                               426

51.2.1          Onshore Wind Power Market Size………………… 426

51.2.2          Onshore Wind Power Market Dynamics…………. 426

51.2.3          Onshore Wind Power Market Share………………. 427

52      Other BEVs Market – 2022-2030…………………………….. 428

52.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 428

52.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 428

52.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 434

52.3     Asia-Pacific Other BEVs Market – 2020-2030……….. 436

52.3.1          Other BEVs Market Size…………………………….. 436

52.3.2          Other BEVs Market Dynamics……………………… 437

52.3.3          Other BEVs Market Share…………………………… 437

53      Other Energy Storage Modalities Market – 2022-2030.. 438

53.1     Asia-Pacific Other Energy Storage Modalities Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 438

53.1.1          Other Energy Storage Modalities Market Size….. 438

53.1.2          Other Energy Storage Modalities Market Dynamics……………………………………………………………… 438

53.1.3          Other Energy Storage Modalities Market Share.. 439

54      Other Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Markets – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………… 440

54.1     Other Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Markets – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 440

54.1.1          Other Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Markets Size……………………………………………. 440

54.1.2          Other Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Markets Dynamics…………………………………….. 441

54.1.3          Other Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Markets Share………………………………………….. 441

55      Other Renewable Energy Market – 2022-2030………….. 442

55.1     Asia-Pacific Other Renewable Energy Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 442

55.1.1          Other Renewable Energy Market Size……………. 442

55.1.2          Other Renewable Energy Market Dynamics……. 442

55.1.3          Other Renewable Energy Market Share…………. 443

56      Passenger BEV Cars Market – 2022-2030………………… 444

56.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 444

56.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 444

56.1.2          Electric Cars vs. ICE Car Materials……………….. 452

56.1.3          Phasing Out Of Passenger ICE Cars…………….. 453

56.1.4          COVID-19 Effects……………………………………… 453

56.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 454

56.3     Asia-Pacific Passenger BEV Cars Market – 2020-2030                                                                               455

56.3.1          Passenger BEV Cars Market Size………………… 455

56.3.2          Passenger BEV Cars Market Dynamics…………. 456

56.3.3          Passenger BEV Cars Market Share………………. 456

57      Passive Green Buildings Market – 2022-2030………….. 457

57.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 457

57.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 457

57.1.2          Buildings GHG Emission & Energy Consumption 460

57.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 461

57.3     Asia-Pacific Passive Green Buildings Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 462

57.3.1          Passive Green Buildings Market Size…………….. 462

57.3.2          Passive Green Buildings Market Dynamics…….. 462

57.3.3          Passive Green Buildings Market Share………….. 462

58      Precision Agriculture Market – 2022-2030……………….. 463

58.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 463

58.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 463

58.2     Precision Agriculture Challenges……………………….. 466

58.3     Precision Agriculture Technologies…………………….. 467

58.3.1          Remote Sensing……………………………………….. 468

58.3.2          Genetic Engineering………………………………….. 468

58.3.3          Agricultural Robots……………………………………. 468

58.3.4          Drones……………………………………………………. 468

58.3.5          Vertical Cultivating…………………………………….. 469

58.3.6          Data……………………………………………………….. 469

58.3.7          Connected Water………………………………………. 469

58.3.8          Electric Fish…………………………………………….. 469

58.3.9          Connected Cows………………………………………. 469

58.3.10       Farm Management Systems………………………… 470

58.4     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 470

58.5     Asia-Pacific Precision Agriculture Market – 2020-2030                                                                               470

58.5.1          Precision Agriculture Market Size…………………. 470

58.5.2          Precision Agriculture Market Dynamics………….. 470

58.5.3          Precision Agriculture Market Share……………….. 470

59      Precision Irrigation Market – 2022-2030………………….. 472

59.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 472

59.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 472

59.1.2          Drip Irrigation……………………………………………. 472

59.1.3          Variable Rate Irrigation………………………………. 473

59.1.4          GPS Technology………………………………………. 473

59.1.5          Monitoring and Automation………………………….. 474

59.1.6          Challenges & Opportunities…………………………. 474

59.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 475

59.3     Asia-Pacific Precision Irrigation Market – 2020-2030. 475

59.3.1          Precision Irrigation Market Size……………………. 475

59.3.2          Precision Irrigation Market Dynamics…………….. 476

59.3.3          Precision Irrigation Market Share………………….. 476

60      Reforestation Market – 2022-2030………………………….. 477

60.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 477

60.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 477

60.1.2          Reforestation Management…………………………. 481

60.1.3          Reforestation for Climate Change Mitigation……. 482

60.1.4          Reforestation Strategies……………………………… 482

60.1.5          Empress Trees…………………………………………. 483

60.1.6          Finanancing Deforestation…………………………… 484

60.1.7          Megacities Forestation……………………………….. 484

60.1.8          Example: China Reforestation……………………… 485

60.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 485

60.3     Asia-Pacific Reforestation Market – 2020-2030……… 487

60.3.1          Reforestation Market Size…………………………… 487

60.3.2          Reforestation Market Dynamics……………………. 488

60.3.3          Reforestation Market Share…………………………. 488

61      Regenerative Agriculture Market – 2022-2030………….. 489

61.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 489

61.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 489

61.2     Asia-Pacific Regenerative Agriculture Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 492

61.2.1          Regenerative Agriculture Market Size……………. 492

61.2.2          Regenerative Agriculture Market Dynamics…….. 493

61.2.3          Regenerative Agriculture Market Share………….. 493

62      Rooftop Solar PV Market – 2022-2030…………………….. 494

62.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 494

62.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 494

62.1.2          Solar Rooftop Technology…………………………… 495

62.1.3          Solar Rooftop System Economics……………….. 496

62.1.4          Adoption Of Rooftop PV……………………………. 496

62.2     Asia-Pacific Rooftop Solar PV Market – 2020-2030… 496

62.2.1          Rooftop Solar PV Market Size……………………… 496

62.2.2          Rooftop Solar PV Market Dynamics………………. 497

62.2.3          Rooftop Solar PV Market Share……………………. 497

63      Small Nuclear Reactors Market – 2022-2030……………. 498

63.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 498

63.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 498

63.1.2          Advantages of SMRs…………………………………. 499

63.1.3          SMR Challenges……………………………………….. 500

63.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 500

63.3     Asia-Pacific Small Nuclear Reactors Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 501

63.3.1          Small Nuclear Reactors Market Size……………… 501

63.3.2          Small Nuclear Reactors Market Dynamics………. 501

63.3.3          Small Nuclear Reactors Market Share……………. 502

64      Solar PV (Utility Scale) Market – 2022-2030……………… 503

64.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 503

64.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 503

64.1.2          Market Outlook…………………………………………. 507

64.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 508

64.3     Asia-Pacific Solar PV (Utility Scale) Market – 2020-2030                                                                               509

64.3.1          Solar PV (Utility Scale) Market Size………………. 509

64.3.2          Solar PV (Utility Scale) Market Dynamics……….. 510

64.3.3          Solar PV (Utility Scale) Market Share…………….. 510

65      Thermal Energy Storage Market – 2022-2030…………… 511

65.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 511

65.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 511

65.1.2          Thermal Energy Storage  Advantages……………. 514

65.1.3          Molten Salt Storage Technology…………………… 515

65.1.4          Key Vendors……………………………………………. 515

65.2     Asia-Pacific Thermal Energy Storage Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 516

65.2.1          Thermal Energy Storage Market Size…………….. 516

65.2.2          Thermal Energy Storage Market Dynamics…….. 516

65.2.3          Thermal Energy Storage Market Share………….. 517

66      Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market – 2022-2030………. 518

66.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 518

66.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 518

66.2     Asia-Pacific Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 519

66.2.1          Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Size……….. 519

66.2.2          Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Dynamics… 520

66.2.3          Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Share……… 520

67      Waste to Energy Plants Market – 2022-2030…………….. 521

67.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 521

67.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 521

67.1.2          Facts & Figures………………………………………… 522

67.1.3          Waste to Energy Economy………………………….. 523

67.2     Asia-Pacific Waste to Energy Plants Market – 2020-2030……………………………………………………………. 524

67.2.1          Waste to Energy Plants Market Size……………… 524

67.2.2          Waste to Energy Plants Market Dynamics………. 524

67.2.3          Waste to Energy Plants Market Share……………. 525

68      Water Redeemable (Water Reclamation) Systems Market – 2022-2030………………………………………………………… 526

68.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 526

68.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 526

68.1.2          Sewage Treatment Plants…………………………… 529

68.1.3          Example: Water Reclamation in  China………….. 530

68.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 531

68.3     Asia-Pacific Water Redeemable Systems Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 532

68.3.1          Water Redeemable Systems Market Size……….. 532

68.3.2          Water Redeemable Systems Market Dynamics.. 532

68.3.3          Water Redeemable Systems Market Share…….. 533

69      Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market – 2022-2030…………………………………………………………… 534

69.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 534

69.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 534

69.1.2          AI and Machine Learning To Predict Weather Events……………………………………………………. 535

69.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 537

69.3     Asia-Pacific Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market – 2020-2030……………………….. 537

69.3.1          Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Size……………………………………………………….. 537

69.3.2          Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Dynamics………………………………………………… 538

69.3.3          Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Share……………………………………………………… 538

70      Wildfire Mitigation Market – 2022-2030……………………. 539

70.1     CEO Takeaway……………………………………………… 539

70.1.1          Summary………………………………………………… 539

70.1.2          Carbon Emissions…………………………………….. 540

70.2     Key Vendors………………………………………………….. 541

70.3     Asia-Pacific Wildfire Mitigation Market – 2020-2030.. 542

70.3.1          Wildfire Mitigation Market Size……………………… 542

70.3.2          Wildfire Mitigation Market Dynamics………………. 542

70.3.3          Wildfire Mitigation Market Share…………………… 542

MARKET BY SECTOR…………………………………………………. 543

71      Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation Market by Sector – 2022-2030………………………………………………. 543

71.1     Sectors’ Structure…………………………………………… 543

71.2     Market Size…………………………………………………… 545

71.3     Market Share…………………………………………………. 548

REVENUE SOURCE MARKETS…………………………………….. 549

72      Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………………… 549

72.1     Asia-Pacific Market – 2020-2030……………………….. 549

72.2     Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………………………………. 550

72.3     Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market Share – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 551

NATIONAL MARKETS…………………………………………………. 553

73      Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market by Country – 2020-2030…………………………………………….. 553

73.1     Energy Consumption Indicatiors………………………… 553

73.2     National Markets Size – 2020-2030…………………….. 557

73.3     National Markets Dynamics – 2020-2030…………….. 558

73.4     National Markets Shares – 2020-2030………………… 560

73.5     National Markets by Revenue Source – 2020-2030… 563

73.5.1          Infrastructure Markets………………………………… 563

73.5.2          Product Sales…………………………………………… 565

73.5.3          Maintenance Markets…………………………………. 566

73.5.4          Upgrades Markets…………………………………….. 568

73.5.5          Other* Revenue Sources……………………………. 570

74      Australia Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………………………… 572

74.1     Australia Market CEO Takeaway……………………….. 572

74.2     Australia Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………………….. 573

74.3     Australia Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………… 573

74.4     Australia Market Share – 2020-2030…………………… 573

75      China Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………… 574

75.1     China Market CEO Takeaway……………………………. 574

75.2     China Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 575

75.3     China Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………….. 575

75.4     China Market Share – 2020-2030………………………. 575

76      India Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………… 576

76.1     India Market CEO Takeaway…………………………….. 576

76.2     India Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 577

76.3     India Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………………… 577

76.4     India Market Share – 2020-2030………………………… 577

77      Indonesia Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………………………… 578

77.1     Indonesia Market CEO Takeaway………………………. 578

77.2     Indonesia Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 579

77.3     Indonesia Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………….. 579

77.4     Indonesia Market Share – 2020-2030………………….. 579

78      Japan Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………… 580

78.1     Japan Market CEO Takeaway…………………………… 580

78.2     Japan Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………….. 581

78.3     Japan Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………………. 581

78.4     Japan Market Share – 2020-2030………………………. 581

79      Kazakhstan Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………………. 582

79.1     Kazakhstan Market CEO Takeaway……………………. 582

79.2     Kazakhstan Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 583

79.3     Kazakhstan Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………….. 583

79.4     Kazakhstan Market Share – 2020-2030……………….. 583

80      Philippines Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………………. 584

80.1     Philippines Market CEO Takeaway…………………….. 584

80.2     Philippines Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 585

80.3     Philippines Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………… 585

80.4     Philippines Market Share – 2020-2030………………… 585

81      South Korea Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………………. 586

81.1     South Korea Market CEO Takeaway…………………… 586

81.2     South Korea Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………… 587

81.3     South Korea Market Dynamics – 2020-2030…………. 587

81.4     South Korea Market Share – 2020-2030……………… 587

82      Thailand Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………… 588

82.1     Thailand Market CEO Takeaway……………………….. 588

82.2     Thailand Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………………….. 589

82.3     Thailand Market Dynamics – 2020-2030……………… 589

82.4     Thailand Market Share – 2020-2030…………………… 589

83      Vietnam Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030…………………………………………………………… 590

83.1     Vietnam Market CEO Takeaway………………………… 590

83.2     Vietnam Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030………………………………………………….. 591

83.3     Vietnam Market Dynamics – 2020-2030………………. 591

83.4     Vietnam Market Share – 2020-2030……………………. 591

84      Rest of Asia-Pacific Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030……………………………….. 592

84.1     Rest of Asia-Pacific Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market – 2020-2030…………………………… 592

84.2     Rest of Asia-Pacific Market Dynamics – 2020-2030.. 592

84.3     Rest of Asia-Pacific Market Share – 2020-2030…….. 592

APPENDICES…………………………………………………………….. 599

85      Appendix A: Glossary………………………………………….. 599

86      Appendix B: Abbreviations…………………………………… 617

87      Research Methodology………………………………………… 622

99.1     Report Structure…………………………………………….. 622

99.2     Methodology………………………………………………….. 622

99.3     For Whom is this Report?…………………………………. 623

88      Disclaimer and Copyright……………………………………… 624

 

Tables

Table 1 – Electricity Production by Country – 2020……………………….. 57

Table 2 – Energy & Electricity and Per Capita Consumption by Country / Region……………………………………………………………… 58

Table 3 – Renewable vs. Fossil Fuels Heating Efficiency Cost [$ Cent / KWh] – 2020 & 2030 F…………………………………………. 66

Table 4 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market by Technology [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………… 71

Table 5 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market by Sector [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………. 73

Table 6 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market by Revenue [$B] – 2020-2030………………………………………………… 74

Table 7 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market by Region [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………. 74

Table 8 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market by Country [$B] – 2020-2030………………………………………………………. 76

Table 9 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Technology Products & Services [$B] Markets – 2022-2030……………………… 99

Table 10 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Markets Annual Growth Rates [%] – 2022-2030…………………………….. 100

Table 11 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Products & Services Markets Shares [%] – 2022-2030………………………….. 102

Table 12 – Asia-Pacific Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 113

Table 13 – Asia-Pacific Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 113

Table 14 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………….. 113

Table 15 – Asia-Pacific Big Data & AI Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030. 118

Table 16 – Asia-Pacific Big Data & AI Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  119

Table 17 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Big Data & AI Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 119

Table 18 – Energy Production from Solid Biofuels and Renewable Waste (MW) by Ten Leading Countries………………….. 122

Table 19 – Asia-Pacific Bioenergy Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030…… 135

Table 20 – Asia-Pacific Bioenergy Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  135

Table 21 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Bioenergy Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 135

Table 22 – Asia-Pacific Biological Carbon Capture & Sequestration Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 140

Table 23 – Asia-Pacific Biological Carbon Capture & Sequestration Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………… 141

Table 24 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Biological Carbon Capture & Sequestration Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 141

Table 25 – Asia-Pacific Bioremediation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  151

Table 26 – Asia-Pacific Bioremediation Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 151

Table 27 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Bioremediation Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………. 151

Table 28 – Asia-Pacific Carbon Capture & Storage Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 157

Table 29 – Asia-Pacific Carbon Capture & Storage Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………. 157

Table 30 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Carbon Capture & Storage Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……. 158

Table 31 – Asia-Pacific Carbon Capture & Utilization Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 166

Table 32 – Asia-Pacific Carbon Capture & Utilization Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………… 166

Table 33 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Carbon Capture & Utilization Market Share [%] – 2022-2030….. 166

Table 34 – Asia-Pacific Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 174

Table 35 – Asia-Pacific Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………… 174

Table 36 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…… 174

Table 37 – Asia-Pacific Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………… 192

Table 38 – Asia-Pacific Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 192

Table 39 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 193

Table 40 – Asia-Pacific Compressed-Air Storage Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 198

Table 41 – Asia-Pacific Compressed-Air Storage Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 199

Table 42 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Compressed-Air Storage Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………… 199

Table 43 – Asia-Pacific Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 204

Table 44 – Asia-Pacific Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 205

Table 45 – Asia-Pacific Warming Mitigation Market, Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………. 205

Table 46 – Asia-Pacific Cybersecurity Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030. 210

Table 47 – Asia-Pacific Cybersecurity Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 210

Table 48 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Cybersecurity Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………… 210

Table 49 – Asia-Pacific Desalination Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 221

Table 50 – Asia-Pacific Desalination Plants Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 222

Table 51 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Desalination Plants Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………….. 222

Table 52 – Cost (Euro/MWh) of Domestic Heating in France………… 226

Table 53 – Cost (Euro/MW) of District Heating in France……………… 227

Table 54 – Asia-Pacific Direct Geothermal Heating & Cooling Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………… 227

Table 55 – Asia-Pacific Direct Geothermal Heating & Cooling Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 228

Table 56 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Direct Geothermal Heating & Cooling Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 228

Table 57 – Asia-Pacific Direct Solar Water Heating Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 233

Table 58 – Asia-Pacific Direct Solar Water Heating Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………. 234

Table 59 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Direct Solar Water Heating Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………….. 234

Table 60 – Asia-Pacific Electric Buses Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030 240

Table 61 – Asia-Pacific Electric Buses Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 240

Table 62 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Electric Buses Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………….. 240

Table 63 – Asia-Pacific Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………… 247

Table 64 – Asia-Pacific Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………….. 247

Table 65 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………….. 248

Table 66 – Asia-Pacific Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 253

Table 67 – Asia-Pacific Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………… 254

Table 68 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 254

Table 69 – Asia-Pacific EV Charging Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 263

Table 70 – Asia-Pacific EV Charging Systems Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 264

Table 71 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, EV Charging Systems Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………. 264

Table 72 – Asia-Pacific Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 273

Table 73 – Asia-Pacific Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………… 274

Table 74 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 274

Table 75 – Asia-Pacific Floods Control Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  280

Table 76 – Asia-Pacific Floods Control Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 281

Table 77 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Floods Control Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………… 281

Table 78 – Asia-Pacific Freight BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030. 284

Table 79 – Asia-Pacific Freight BEVs Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  285

Table 80 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Freight BEVs Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 285

Table 81 – Asia-Pacific GHG Emission Tracking Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 292

Table 82 – Asia-Pacific GHG Emission Tracking Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 293

Table 83 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, GHG Emission Tracking Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…….. 293

Table 84 – Asia-Pacific Geothermal Power Generation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………… 301

Table 85 – Asia-Pacific Geothermal Power Generation Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 301

Table 86 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Geothermal Power Generation Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…….. 302

Table 87 – Asia-Pacific Green Cement Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  309

Table 88 – Asia-Pacific Green Cement Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 309

Table 89 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Green Cement Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………….. 310

Table 90 – Color Codes by Hydrogen Manufacturing Process……….. 313

Table 91 – Comparative Table for Fossil Derived Hydrogen Production Pathways………………………………………………………… 315

Table 92 – Asia-Pacific Green Hydrogen Production Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 319

Table 93 – Asia-Pacific Green Hydrogen Production Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………… 319

Table 94 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Green Hydrogen Production Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…. 319

Table 95 – Asia-Pacific Green Steel Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030… 323

Table 96 – Asia-Pacific Green Steel Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  324

Table 97 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Green Steel Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 324

Table 98 – Asia-Pacific Grid Modernization Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 332

Table 99 – Asia-Pacific Grid Modernization Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 333

Table 100 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Grid Modernization Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………….. 333

Table 101 – Asia-Pacific Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 340

Table 102 – Asia-Pacific Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………… 341

Table 103 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………… 341

Table 104 – Asia-Pacific Hydroelectric Energy Storage Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………… 347

Table 105 – Asia-Pacific Hydroelectric Energy Storage Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 348

Table 106 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Hydroelectric Energy Storage Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 348

Table 107 – Asia-Pacific Hydroelectric Power Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 354

Table 108 – Asia-Pacific Hydroelectric Power Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 354

Table 109 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Hydroelectric Power Market Share [%] – 2022-2030….. 355

Table 110 – Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Vehicles Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 364

Table 111 – Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Vehicles Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 365

Table 112 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Hydrogen Vehicles Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………. 365

Table 113 – Electrolyzer Technologies Comparison……………………. 366

Table 114 – Hydrogen Color Codes of Hydrogen Manufacturing……. 369

Table 115 – Types of Electrolysers………………………………………….. 370

Table 116 – Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Electrolyzers Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 371

Table 117 – Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Electrolyzers Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 371

Table 118 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Hydrogen Electrolyzers Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………. 372

Table 119 – Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 377

Table 120 – Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 377

Table 121 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Market Share [%] – 2022-2030… 378

Table 122 – Asia-Pacific ICT (w/o Cyber, AI, Big Data) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………… 381

Table 123 – Asia-Pacific ICT (w/o Cyber, AI, Big Data) Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 382

Table 124 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, ICT (w/o Cyber, AI, Big Data) Market Share [%] – 2022-2030….. 382

Table 125 – Cost Assumptions Under 2 Innovation Scenarios……….. 384

Table 126 – Asia-Pacific Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 389

Table 127 – Asia-Pacific Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………… 390

Table 128 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Share [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  390

Table 129 – Asia-Pacific Marine Power Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  396

Table 130 – Asia-Pacific Marine Power Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 396

Table 131 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Marine Power Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………….. 397

Table 132 – Asia-Pacific Methane Abatement Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 406

Table 133 – Asia-Pacific Methane Abatement Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 407

Table 134 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Methane Abatement Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………. 407

Table 135 – Asia-Pacific Nuclear Energy Plants > 1 GW Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 411

Table 136 – Asia-Pacific Nuclear Energy Plants > 1 GW Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 411

Table 137 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Nuclear Energy Plants > 1 GW Market Share [%] – 2022-2030.. 412

Table 138 – Asia-Pacific Offshore Wind Power Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 421

Table 139 – Asia-Pacific Offshore Wind Power Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 422

Table 140 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Offshore Wind Power Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………….. 422

Table 141 – Asia-Pacific Onshore Wind Power Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 427

Table 142 – Asia-Pacific Onshore Wind Power Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 427

Table 143 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Onshore Wind Power Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………….. 428

Table 144 – Asia-Pacific Other BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030. 437

Table 145 – Asia-Pacific Other BEVs Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  438

Table 146 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Other BEVs Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………… 438

Table 147 – Asia-Pacific Other Energy Storage Modalities Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 439

Table 148 – Asia-Pacific Other Energy Storage Modalities Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………….. 439

Table 149 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Other Energy Storage Modalities Market Share [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  440

Table 150 –Other Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Markets Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 441

Table 151 – Asia-Pacific Other Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Markets Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030…………….. 442

Table 152 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Other Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Markets Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………… 442

Table 153 – Asia-Pacific Other Renewable Energy Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 443

Table 154 – Asia-Pacific Other Renewable Energy Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………. 443

Table 155 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Other Renewable Energy Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……. 444

Table 156 – Asia-Pacific Passenger BEV Cars Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 456

Table 157 – Asia-Pacific Passenger BEV Cars Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 457

Table 158 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Passenger BEV Cars Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………….. 457

Table 159 – Asia-Pacific Passive Green Buildings Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 463

Table 160 – Asia-Pacific Passive Green Buildings Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………… 463

Table 161 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Passive Green Buildings Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……….. 463

Table 162 – Asia-Pacific Precision Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 471

Table 163 – Asia-Pacific Precision Agriculture Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 471

Table 164 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Precision Agriculture Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………. 472

Table 165 – Asia-Pacific Precision Irrigation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 476

Table 166 – Asia-Pacific Precision Irrigation Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 477

Table 167 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Precision Irrigation Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………. 477

Table 168 – Asia-Pacific Reforestation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  488

Table 169 – Asia-Pacific Reforestation Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 489

Table 170 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Reforestation Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………… 489

Table 171 – Asia-Pacific Regenerative Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 493

Table 172 – Asia-Pacific Regenerative Agriculture Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………… 494

Table 173 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Regenerative Agriculture Market Share [%] – 2022-2030                                                                                  494

Table 174 – Asia-Pacific Rooftop Solar PV Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 497

Table 175 – Asia-Pacific Rooftop Solar PV Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 498

Table 176 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Rooftop Solar PV Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………………. 498

Table 177 – Asia-Pacific Small Nuclear Reactors Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 502

Table 178 – Asia-Pacific Small Nuclear Reactors Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 502

Table 179 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Small Nuclear Reactors Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……… 503

Table 180 – Asia-Pacific Solar PV (Utility Scale) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 510

Table 181 – Asia-Pacific Solar PV (Utility Scale) Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 511

Table 182 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Solar PV (Utility Scale) Market Share [%] – 2022-2030…………… 511

Table 183 – Asia-Pacific Thermal Energy Storage Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 517

Table 184 – Asia-Pacific Thermal Energy Storage Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………… 517

Table 185 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Thermal Energy Storage Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………… 518

Table 186 – Asia-Pacific Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 520

Table 187 – Asia-Pacific Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………… 521

Table 188 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Share [%] – 2022-2030… 521

Table 189 – Asia-Pacific Waste to Energy Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 525

Table 190 – Asia-Pacific Waste to Energy Plants Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 525

Table 191 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Waste to Energy Plants Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………….. 526

Table 192 – Asia-Pacific Water Redeemable Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………… 533

Table 193 – Asia-Pacific Water Redeemable Systems Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………………………………… 533

Table 194 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Water Redeemable Systems Market Share [%] – 2022-2030.. 534

Table 195 – Asia-Pacific Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 538

Table 196 – Asia-Pacific Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030………………………… 539

Table 197 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Share [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 539

Table 198 – Asia-Pacific Wildfire Mitigation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 543

Table 199 – Asia-Pacific Wildfire Mitigation Market Dynamics [%] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 543

Table 200 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market, Wildfire Mitigation Market Share [%] – 2022-2030………………… 543

Table 201 – Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation Market by Sector [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………. 546

Table 202 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030……………………………… 550

Table 203 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market AGRs [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030……………………………… 551

Table 204 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Technologies Market Size [$B] By Country – 2020-2030………………. 558

Table 205 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market AGRs [%] By Country – 2020-2030……………………………………… 559

Table 206 – National Market Shares of the Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market [%] – 2020-2030………………………… 561

Table 207 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Infrastructure Markets Size [$B] By Country – 2020-2030…………….. 564

Table 208 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Products Sales [$B] By Country – 2020-2030……………………………………… 566

Table 209 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Maintenance Markets Size [$B] By Country – 2020-2030…………….. 567

Table 210 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Upgrades Markets Size [$B] By Country – 2020-2030………………………… 569

Table 211 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Other* Revenue Sources [$B] By Country – 2020-2030…………………… 571

Figures

Figure 1 – COP26 Pledges & Targets Based GHG Emission [GTn] Forecast to 2030………………………………………………… 53

Figure 2 – Asia-Pacific Warming 2010-2020 by GHG Source………….. 54

Figure 3 – Renewable Energy Generation By Technology & By User.. 56

Figure 4 – Greenhouse Gas Emissions [%] by Sector……………………. 57

Figure 5 – Climate Change Causes and Effects…………………………… 58

Figure 6- Asia-Pacific Energy demand (left) & GHS Emission (Right) By Sector – 2020…………………………………………………….. 59

Figure 7 – GHG Emission per GWh of Energy Production – 2020…….. 60

Figure 8 – Average USA Levelized cost [$/MWh] of Electricity By Energy Technology – 2020……………………………………. 60

Figure 9 – Renewable Electricity Generation by Technology and Region                                                                                    61

Figure 10 – Asia-Pacific Electricity Consumption by Energy Source – 1985-2020…………………………………………………………. 61

Figure 11 – Levelized Cost [$/MWh] of Energy, by Source – 2008-2020                                                                                    61

Figure 12 – Renewable, Nuclear & Fossil Energy Prices [$/MWh] & Installed Capacity – 2010-2019……………………………… 62

Figure 13 – Asia-Pacific Warming vs. Number of Climate-Related Disasters – 1970-2032………………………………………….. 64

Figure 14 – Energy Storage: Duration Time and Rated Power by Modality……………………………………………………………. 64

Figure 15 – Renewable Generation Capacity By Region………………… 65

Figure 16 – Leading Renewable Energy Capacity [GW] by Country – 2020………………………………………………………………… 65

Figure 17 – Negative Emissions Role in Achieving NetZero……………. 66

Figure 18 – Asia-Pacific GHG Emission Reduction [%] by Technology – 2030………………………………………………………………… 71

Figure 19 – Asia-Pacific Electricity Generation [000 TWh] by Source – 2010- 2040………………………………………………………… 72

Figure 20 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market by Region [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………… 81

Figure 21 – Air Source Heat Pump: Winter & Summer Operation…… 110

Figure 22 – Air Source Heat Pump, Heating Cycle……………………… 111

Figure 23 – Air to Air Heat Pump…………………………………………….. 112

Figure 24 – Air to Water Heat Pump………………………………………… 113

Figure 25 – Performance Standards For residential AC and Heat Pumps                                                                                  118

Figure 26 – Asia-Pacific Air Sourced Heat Pumps Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 119

Figure 27 – Tackling Climate Change with Machine Learning………… 120

Figure 28 – Types of Big Data Analytics…………………………………… 121

Figure 29 – Data Mining Process…………………………………………….. 122

Figure 30 – Asia-Pacific Big Data & AI Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030 124

Figure 31 – Asia-Pacific LCOEs From Newly Commissioned, Utility-Scale Renewable Power Generation Technologies, 2010-2020………………………………………………………………. 127

Figure 32 – Bioenergy Thermo-Chemical Process………………………. 131

Figure 33 – Bioenergy Bio-Chemical Process…………………………….. 132

Figure 34 – Asia-Pacific Bioenergy Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030….. 141

Figure 35 – Bioenergy with Carbon Capture & Sequestration………… 142

Figure 36 – Microalgae Based Biological Carbon Capture……………. 142

Figure 37- Marine Bacteria Carbon Sequestration……………………… 143

Figure 38 – Microalgae Carbon Biological Capture & Utilization Footprint                                                                                  144

Figure 39 – Asia-Pacific Biological Carbon Capture & Sequestration Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 147

Figure 40 – Bioremediation Strategies……………………………………… 148

Figure 41 – Operation of Bio Slurping………………………………………. 149

Figure 42 – Permeable Reactive Barriers………………………………….. 150

Figure 43 – Bioventing System……………………………………………….. 150

Figure 44 – Typical Biosparging System…………………………………… 151

Figure 45 – Asia-Pacific Bioremediation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  157

Figure 46 – The CCS Process………………………………………………… 158

Figure 47 – Carbon Capture and Storage Value Chain………………… 158

Figure 48 – Asia-Pacific Carbon Capture & Storage Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 163

Figure 49 – CCU Applications Roadmap…………………………………… 165

Figure 50 – Carbon Capture & Utilization and Removal Cycle………. 166

Figure 51 – Carbon Capture & Utilization Removal Pathways……….. 166

Figure 52 – CCU Potential and Cost Of Various Sub-Pathways Outlook – 2050………………………………………………………………. 168

Figure 53 – Asia-Pacific Carbon Capture & Utilization Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 172

Figure 54 – Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Agriculture ……………. 173

Figure 55 – Agriculture GHG Emissions……………………………………. 174

Figure 56 – The EU 2030 Targets for Substantial Food Production…. 175

Figure 57 – The Main Greenhouse Gas Emission Sources, Removals and Processes In Managed Ecosystems………………… 176

Figure 58 – Asia-Pacific Climate Adapted Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 180

Figure 59 – Asia-Pacific Water Stress Map……………………………….. 182

Figure 60 – Asia-Pacific Water Extraction and Consumption by End User– 1900-2025………………………………………………. 184

Figure 61 – Water Supply Adaptation Strategy…………………………… 185

Figure 62 – Potential Drought Adaptation Measures……………………. 187

Figure 63 –Asia-Pacific Urban Population Facing Water Scarcity 2019-2050………………………………………………………………. 188

Figure 64 – Climate Change Impact on Water Supply………………….. 189

Figure 65 – Adapting Water Management to Climate Change……….. 190

Figure 66 – Metrices for Decision Making  ………………………………… 191

Figure 67 – Asia-Pacific Climate Adapted Water Infrastructure Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………… 198

Figure 68 – System Power Rating and Discharge Times of Energy Storage Technologies………………………………………… 201

Figure 69 – Compressed-Air Energy Storage System………………….. 202

Figure 70 – A Small Scale Compressed Air Storage System…………. 202

Figure 71 – Asia-Pacific Compressed-Air Storage Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 204

Figure 72 – Asia-Pacific Average Levelized Cost of Energy Generation [$/MWh] Concentrating Solar Power vs. Other Electric Power Sources – Q-4 2021………………………………….. 206

Figure 73 – Concentrating Solar Power System Layout and Costs…. 207

Figure 74 – Asia-Pacific LCOEs From Newly Commissioned, Utility-Scale Renewable Power Generation Technologies, 2010-2020………………………………………………………………. 208

Figure 75 – Asia-Pacific Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 210

Figure 76 – Electricity Distribution Infrastructure…………………………. 212

Figure 77 – Power Grids Cybersecurity Infrastructure………………….. 213

Figure 78 – Asia-Pacific Cybersecurity Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030 216

Figure 79 – Desalination Capacity By [%] by Region – 2020………….. 218

Figure 80 – Reverse Osmosis Process…………………………………….. 219

Figure 81 – Reverse Osmosis Desalination Process……………………. 220

Figure 82 – Asia-Pacific Desalination Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 227

Figure 83 – Applications of Direct Utilization of Geothermal Energy… 230

Figure 84 – Closed (Left) & Open (Right) loop Geothermal Heat Pumps                                                                                  231

Figure 85 – EU Areas Suitable for Geothermal Networks & Actual Geothermal Installed Capacity……………………………… 232

Figure 86 – Asia-Pacific Direct Geothermal Heating & Cooling Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………… 233

Figure 87 – Residential Direct Solar Water Heating System………….. 235

Figure 88 – Total Installed Solar Heating Area by Region – 2020……. 236

Figure 89 – Direct Solar Water Heating System Elements…………….. 236

Figure 90 – Direct Solar Heating Capacity [KW/1000 citizens] in 10 Leading Countries – 2020……………………………………. 237

Figure 91 – Asia-Pacific Solar Thermal Capacity [TWh] and Energy [TWh] – 2000-2022……………………………………………. 238

Figure 92 – Distribution of Solar Thermal Systems for Newly Installed Water Collector by Region – 2020…………………………. 239

Figure 93 – Asia-Pacific Direct Solar Water Heating Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 239

Figure 94 – E-Bus Charging Technologies………………………………… 241

Figure 95 – Enabling E-Bus Adoption Factors……………………………. 244

Figure 96 – Asia-Pacific Electric Buses Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  246

Figure 97 – Performance Standards For residential AC and Heat Pumps                                                                                  249

Figure 98 – Thermoelectric Effect……………………………………………. 250

Figure 99 – Magtor Linear Motor Oscillator Drive………………………… 252

Figure 100 – Asia-Pacific Energy-Efficient Air Conditioning & Refrigeration (ACR) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……. 253

Figure 101 – Energy Consumption By End-Use (Excludes Transport, Energy Losses in Production or Transmission And Non-Motive Power Industrial Energy Uses)……………………. 257

Figure 102 – Asia-Pacific Energy-Efficient Electric Appliances (w/o ACR) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………. 259

Figure 103 – Electric Passengers vs. Plug in Chargers………………… 262

Figure 104 – Charging Times to Provide 100 km of Passenger EV Vehicle Driving…………………………………………………. 263

Figure 105 – US Passengers EV Charging Infrastructure – 2015-2040                                                                                  264

Figure 106 – Asia-Pacific EV Charging Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 269

Figure 107 – Sweden Public Alarm Infrastructure Evolution………….. 271

Figure 108 – The UN Risk Based Public Warning Evolution -1960-2020                                                                                  272

Figure 109 – Public Warning System Architecture………………………. 273

Figure 110 – The Israeli Public (Location Based) Alarm System Poster                                                                                  274

Figure 111 – Mobile Alarm System………………………………………….. 276

Figure 112 – Cell Broadcast…………………………………………………… 277

Figure 113 – Geo Fenced Alarm System………………………………….. 278

Figure 114 – Fixed WIFI Alarm System…………………………………….. 279

Figure 115 – Asia-Pacific Extreme Weather Public Warning Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 279

Figure 116 – An Integrated Flood Protection……………………………… 281

Figure 117 – Storm Surge Flooding…………………………………………. 282

Figure 118 – Provisional Flood Barriers……………………………………. 283

Figure 119 – Tidal Flood Barrier……………………………………………… 284

Figure 120 – Asia-Pacific Floods Control Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  286

Figure 121 – Asia-Pacific Freight BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  290

Figure 122 – Greenhouse Gas Emissions [%] By Sector……………… 292

Figure 123 – GHG Emission Tracking Technologies……………………. 293

Figure 124 – CO2 Emissions [GTn] by Geography – 1960-2020…….. 295

Figure 125 – MethaneSAT Performance………………………………….. 297

Figure 126 – Methane Surveillance Technologies. Frequency-Range vs. Resolution……………………………………………………….. 297

Figure 127 – Asia-Pacific GHG Emission Tracking Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 298

Figure 128 – Asia-Pacific Average Levelized Cost of Energy Generation [$/MWh] Geothermal vs. Other Electric Power Sources – Q-4 2021…………………………………………………………. 300

Figure 129 – Geothermal Electricity Generation Technologies……. 301

Figure 130 – Asia-Pacific LCOEs From Newly Commissioned, Utility-Scale Renewable Power Generation Technologies, 2010-2020………………………………………………………………. 301

Figure 131 – Enhanced Geothermal Systems……………………………. 302

Figure 132 – Geothermal Power Generation……………………………… 303

Figure 133 – Map of 64 EGS Projects Around the World – 2020…….. 305

Figure 134 – Asia-Pacific Geothermal Power Generation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 307

Figure 135 – Cement Manufacturing Energy Use and GHG Emissions                                                                                  309

Figure 136 – Cement Production Outlook by Region – 2020-2050….. 310

Figure 137 – Decarbonization Actions to Net-Zero Cement & Concrete Industry…………………………………………………………… 311

Figure 138 – Cement Demand Forecast per Region – 2020-2060…… 312

Figure 139 – Low Carbon Levels Across the Lifecycle of Cement…… 314

Figure 140 – Asia-Pacific Green Cement Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  315

Figure 141 – Hydrogen Consumption [M. Ton/Annum] by Country – 2020                                                                                  317

Figure 142 – Green Hydrogen Value Chain………………………………. 318

Figure 143 – Future “Hydrogen Economy” Infrastructure………………. 323

Figure 144 – Asia-Pacific Green Hydrogen Production Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………… 325

Figure 145 – Green Steel Production Using CCS & CCU……………… 326

Figure 146 – Crude Steel Production Market Share [%] by country 2020                                                                                  326

Figure 147 – Green Steel Manufacturing Process……………………….. 327

Figure 148 – Means and Methods to Reduce Carbon in the Steel Industry…………………………………………………………… 328

Figure 149 – Asia-Pacific Green Steel Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030 329

Figure 150 – Diagram of a Conventional Electric Power System…….. 331

Figure 151 – Modern Grid Architecture ……………………………………. 332

Figure 152 – Climate Change Effects on the Electricity Grid………….. 333

Figure 153 – Smart Grid Architecture……………………………………….. 334

Figure 154 -Smart Grid Priorities……………………………………………. 337

Figure 155 – Asia-Pacific Grid Modernization Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 338

Figure 156 – System Power Rating and Discharge Times of Energy Storage Technologies………………………………………… 340

Figure 157 – Grid Battery Storage Infrastructure………………………… 341

Figure 158 – Next Generation Battery Storage Goals………………….. 342

Figure 159 – Grid-Scale Battery Storage System……………………….. 342

Figure 160 – Asia-Pacific Grid-Scale Battery Storage Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 347

Figure 161 – Pumped Storage Hydropower Site…………………………. 348

Figure 162 – Pumped Hydro Energy Storage, Power Rating and Discharge Times Vs. Other Energy Storage Technologies                                                                                  349

Figure 163 – Pumped Hydro Energy Storage System Layout………… 350

Figure 164 – Asia-Pacific Hydroelectric Energy Storage Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 353

Figure 165 – Hydropower Installed Capacity by Country………………. 355

Figure 166 – Asia-Pacific Average Levelized Cost of Energy Generation [$/MWh] Hydropower vs. Other Electric Power Sources – Q-4 2021…………………………………………………………. 356

Figure 167 – Asia-Pacific LCOEs From Newly Commissioned, Utility-Scale Renewable Power Generation Technologies, 2010-2020………………………………………………………………. 356

Figure 168 – Hydropower Generation [TW h] by Region -1965-2020. 357

Figure 169- A Hydropower Plant…………………………………………….. 359

Figure 170 – Asia-Pacific Hydroelectric Power Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 360

Figure 171 – Fuel Cell Passenger Vehicle Elements……………………. 362

Figure 172 – Hydrogen Pickup Truck……………………………………….. 362

Figure 173 – Hydrogen Truck Layout……………………………………….. 363

Figure 174 – Toyota Hydrogen Truck……………………………………….. 363

Figure 175 – EV Truck vs. Hydrogen Long Haul Truck Performance Outlook 2025 & 2030…………………………………………. 364

Figure 176 – Yamaha Motor Hydrogen Engine Prototype – 2021……. 365

Figure 177 – Yamaha Hydrogen Engine…………………………………… 366

Figure 178 – Total Cost of Ownership of SUVs in the US, 2030…….. 368

Figure 179 – Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Vehicles Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 370

Figure 180 – Hydrogen Electrolyzer Electro-Chemistry………………… 373

Figure 181 – Description of Several Electrolysers Source: K. Malladi Et.Al…………………………………………………….. 373

Figure 182 – Electrolyzer Manufacturing [GW] Capacity 2021-2024… 375

Figure 183 – Future Hydrogen Economy Infrastructure………………… 376

Figure 184 – Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Electrolyzers Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 377

Figure 185 – Honda Home Filling Station………………………………….. 379

Figure 186 -Transport Fuel Hydrogen Production Routes…………….. 380

Figure 187 – Hydrogen Fueling System Architecture…………………… 381

Figure 188 – Hydrogen Fueling Station…………………………………….. 381

Figure 189 – Hydrogen Fueling HySTAT…………………………………… 382

Figure 190 – Asia-Pacific Hydrogen Fueling Infrastructure Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 383

Figure 191 – Asia-Pacific ICT (w/o Cyber, AI, Big Data) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………… 387

Figure 192 – Distribution of Synthetic Fuels and Advanced Biofuels Costs……………………………………………………………… 389

Figure 193 – Impact of Innovation on the Energy System……………… 392

Figure 194 – Simplified Value Chain for Low Carbon Fuels…………… 393

Figure 195 – GVA and Jobs in the Low Carbon Fuels Industry to 2050                                                                                  394

Figure 196 – Asia-Pacific Low Carbon Fuels Manufacturing Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 395

Figure 197 – Asia-Pacific LCOEs From Newly Commissioned, Utility-Scale Renewable Power Generation Technologies, 2010-2020………………………………………………………………. 397

Figure 198 – Ocean thermal energy Conversion System (Right) and Oscillating Water Column System (Left)…………………. 398

Figure 199 – Wave Power System………………………………………….. 401

Figure 200 – Asia-Pacific Marine Power Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  402

Figure 201 – Ultra Emitting Methane Events 2019-2020………………. 404

Figure 202 – Methane Emission Sources (Left) & 1990-2050 Emissions (Right)…………………………………………………………….. 405

Figure 203 – 2020-2030 Human Caused Methane Emissions and Identified Mitigation Potential by Sectors………………… 406

Figure 204 – Emissions Abatement and Negative Emissions Infrastructure……………………………………………………. 409

Figure 205 – Asia-Pacific GHG Abatement Cost Beyond BAU- 2030. 410

Figure 206 – Asia-Pacific Methane Abatement Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 412

Figure 207 – Asia-Pacific Average Levelized Cost of Energy Generation [$/MWh] Nuclear Energy Plants vs. Other Electric Power Sources – Q-4 2021……………………………………………. 414

Figure 208 – Asia-Pacific LCOEs From Newly Commissioned, Utility-Scale Renewable Power Generation Technologies, 2010-2020………………………………………………………………. 415

Figure 209 – Asia-Pacific Nuclear Energy Plants > 1 GW Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 417

Figure 210 – Asia-Pacific Average Levelized Cost of Energy Generation [$/MWh] Offshore Wind vs. Other Electric Power Sources – Q-4 2021…………………………………………………………. 419

Figure 211 – Wind Turbine Power and Size 1985-2030……………….. 420

Figure 212 – Asia-Pacific LCOEs from Newly Commissioned, Utility-Scale Renewable Power Generation Technologies, 2010-2020………………………………………………………………. 420

Figure 213 – U.S. DOE Offshore Wind Energy 2030 Goals…………… 423

Figure 214- Asia-Pacific Installed Base Power [MW] of Offshore Wind Power to 2020………………………………………………….. 423

Figure 215 – Annual 2001-2021 Additional Offshore Wind Installed Capacity [GW] China vs. the Rest of World……………… 424

Figure 216 – Asia-Pacific Offshore Wind Power Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 428

Figure 217 – Onshore Wind Turbines LCOE, Size, Capacity & Impacts – 2030………………………………………………………………. 429

Figure 218 – Asia-Pacific Average Levelized Cost of Energy Generation [$/MWh] Onshore Wind Power vs. Other Electric Power Sources – Q-4 2021……………………………………………. 430

Figure 219 – Asia-Pacific LCOEs From Newly Commissioned, Utility-Scale Renewable Power Generation Technologies, 2010-2020………………………………………………………………. 430

Figure 220 – Asia-Pacific Onshore Wind Power Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 433

Figure 221 – BNSF Battery-Electric Locomotive…………………………. 435

Figure 222 – Airbus’ E-Fan Electric Plane…………………………………. 438

Figure 223 – A Cut Away View of the HE HMMWV……………………… 439

Figure 224 – A cut-away view of the HEMITT…………………………….. 440

Figure 225 – Asia-Pacific Other BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030 443

Figure 226 – Asia-Pacific Other Energy Storage Modalities Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 445

Figure 227 – Other Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Markets Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………….. 447

Figure 228 – Asia-Pacific Other Renewable Energy Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 449

Figure 229 – Asia-Pacific Passenger Cars Sales [Million/ Annum] by Technology – 2018-2035…………………………………….. 451

Figure 230 – 100% Phase Out of ICE Countries…………………………. 453

Figure 231 – EVs vs. Renewables vs. Electrification Timeline – 2020-2050………………………………………………………………. 454

Figure 232 – EPA Rang [Mile] for 2020-Model Battery Passenger EV 456

Figure 233 – US Passengers BEV & Plug-in Sales [Units] – 2015-2025                                                                                  457

Figure 234 – Electric Cars vs. ICE Car Materials by % of the Total Weight …………………………………………………………… 459

Figure 235 – Asia-Pacific Passenger BEV Cars Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 462

Figure 236 – Passive House Design………………………………………… 464

Figure 237 – GHG Abatement for The Building Sector…………………. 468

Figure 238 – Asia-Pacific Passive Green Buildings Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 469

Figure 239 – Components of a Precision Agriculture System………… 470

Figure 240 – Precision Agriculture Technologies……………………….. 471

Figure 241 – Precision Agriculture Stakeholders………………………… 472

Figure 242 – Asia-Pacific Precision Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 477

Figure 243 – Precision Irrigation System…………………………………… 479

Figure 244 – Asia-Pacific Precision Irrigation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 482

Figure 245 – Annual Loss of Forest Cover – 2000-2020………………. 485

Figure 246 – Forest Transition Model………………………………………. 486

Figure 247 – Asia-Pacific Reforestation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030                                                                                  494

Figure 248 – Asia-Pacific Regenerative Agriculture Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 499

Figure 249 – Asia-Pacific Average Levelized Cost of Energy Generation [$/MWh] Rooftop Solar vs. Other Electric Power Sources – Q-4 2021…………………………………………………………. 501

Figure 250 – Asia-Pacific Rooftop Solar PV Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 504

Figure 251 – Asia-Pacific Average Levelized Cost of Energy Generation [$/MWh] Small Nuclear Reactors vs. Other Electric Power Sources – Q-4 2021……………………………………………. 505

Figure 252 – Asia-Pacific LCOEs From Newly Commissioned, Utility-Scale Renewable Power Generation Technologies, 2010-2020………………………………………………………………. 506

Figure 253 – Asia-Pacific Small Nuclear Reactors Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 508

Figure 254 – Installed Base of Solar PV by Country…………………….. 510

Figure 255 – Asia-Pacific Average Levelized Cost of Energy Generation [$/MWh] Solar PV vs. Other Electric Power Sources – Q-4 2021………………………………………………………………. 511

Figure 256 – Asia-Pacific LCOEs From Newly Commissioned, Utility-Scale Renewable Power Generation Technologies, 2010-2020………………………………………………………………. 512

Figure 257 – Ground Mounted Solar PV System………………………… 513

Figure 258 -The DOE Solar PV Deployment [GW] Outlook 2020-2050                                                                                  514

Figure 259 – Asia-Pacific Solar PV (Utility Scale) Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 516

Figure 260 – System Power Rating and Discharge Times Of Energy Storage Technologies………………………………………… 518

Figure 261 – Thermal Energy Storage (TES) System Layout………… 519

Figure 262 – Residential Thermal Energy Storage……………………… 520

Figure 263 – Asia-Pacific Thermal Energy Storage Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 523

Figure 264 – Three E-Wheelers……………………………………………… 525

Figure 265 – Asia-Pacific Two & Three-Wheeler BEVs Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………… 526

Figure 266 – Waste Management Process………………………………… 528

Figure 267 – UN Projection of the Asia-Pacific Waste [M Ton/Annum] Quantity – 1950-2050…………………………………………. 529

Figure 268 – Asia-Pacific Waste to Energy Plants Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………….. 531

Figure 269 – Recycled Water Infrastructure………………………………. 533

Figure 270 – Overview of Integrated Regional Water Management Planning and Climate Change……………………………… 534

Figure 271 – Sewage Treatment Infrastructure Elements……………… 535

Figure 272 – A Sewage Treatment Plant…………………………………… 537

Figure 273 – Asia-Pacific Water Redeemable Systems Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030……………………………………………………… 539

Figure 274 – Asia-Pacific Weather Monitoring, Modeling & Forecasting Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………. 544

Figure 275 – The U.S. Wildfires Facts……………………………………… 547

Figure 276 – Asia-Pacific Wildfire Mitigation Market Size [$B] – 2022-2030………………………………………………………………. 549

Figure 277 – Cumulative 2022-2030 Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation Market by Sector [$T]………….. 554

Figure 278 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation Market Share by Sector [%] – 2022-2030……………….. 555

Figure 279 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market Size [$M] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………….. 557

Figure 280 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market Share [%] by Revenue Source – 2020-2030………………………….. 558

Figure 281 – Energy Use Per Person, 2019………………………………. 560

Figure 282 – Consumption-Based Energy Use Per Person: Asia-Pacific Map, 2020……………………………………………………….. 561

Figure 283 – Consumption-Based Energy Use Per Person: Selected Countries………………………………………………………… 561

Figure 284 – Primary Energy Consumption by World Region – 1965-2020………………………………………………………………. 562

Figure 285 – World Energy Trilemma Index: Leading Countries – 2021                                                                                  563

Figure 286 – Asia-Pacific Climate Change Mitigation Market Share by Country – 2030          569

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